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Below is the full text of this book,
Our Lost Heritage.
If you want to print it off, be my guest.
Encouragement comes when we least expect it to. Yesterday while attending a funeral, a lady told me of a man who was totally against Israel. She gave him one of these books to read and he now has a complete change of heart. The Lord is moving in these end times and I praise His Name that this Booklet can play a small part in His plan.
OUR LOST HERITAGE
Dennis R McLeod
Author of Award Winning Book
In December 1992 the Lord took my wife Penny and me to Israel, we were there for nearly three
years. We first worked in Bethlehem at the House of Hope, a Christian Arab home for mentally
handicapped and blind children. We were house-parents to the boy boarders for 16 months.
For most of the last 15 months of our time in Israel, we were working for the Christian Friends of
Israel Ministry in the Distribution Centre in Jerusalem where the practical work of giving aid to
the Jewish immigrants is carried out. I was the administrator for the last ten months and Penny
worked alongside me.
It was while we were working at the Distribution Centre that the Lord opened my eyes to the fact
that we were living Bible prophecy. From that time on many Scriptures about the return of the
Jewish people to Israel were quickened to us. And, many books about the land and its history
came across my path.
On returning to New Zealand in November 1995 we were the Christian Friends of Israel’s
representatives in New Zealand and worked for this ministry for a total of twenty years. In that
time we have had many speaking engagements regarding Israel and its place in the Lord’s plan
for the world, which has required a lot of study. We have come to understand the Tenakh (the
Old Testament) in a much deeper way.
We are indebted to Rob Moore, of Tauranga, for first impressing upon us the importance of the
Feasts of the Lord. Since meeting him and with his encouragement, we have celebrated the
Passover with Seder meals, Rosh HaShanah (The Feast of Trumpets) and Chanukah (The
Feast of Dedication). With every passing year we learn more of God’s feasts.
On returning to New Zealand we thought it would be good to hold prayer meetings for Israel, but
nobody turned up for these meetings. Sometimes we are slow to see what the Lord is saying,
as we had been given all the items required for a Shabbat (Friday Night) meal before leaving
Israel. A friend from Denmark had given us a Shabbat cloth to cover the bread. The people at
the Christian Friends Of Israel Distribution centre gave us a pair of Shabbat candlesticks and
the management had presented us with a Kiddush cup. So maybe we were to hold ‘Erev
Shabbat’ (the evening of Shabbat) Friday evening meals, once a month. This was so successful
that we had trouble getting all the people that wanted to come, into our home. They continue to
be a means of inspiration and teaching on the Hebraic Roots of our Faith.
The feasts have a fuller meaning than something just to read about in the book of Leviticus.
They reveal to us the plan of God for the coming of the Messiah, our understanding of the
Scriptures, the ingathering and His final return and celebration. All the feasts of the Lord
celebrate all three persons of the Godhead, the Creator God, the Saving Son and the one that
will reveal all, the Holy Spirit.
We give thanks to our mighty Creator God and Father who, through His only begotten Son,
made a way for us to know Him and the wonder of His Word.
I am most grateful for my lovely wife Penny who has stood steadfast beside through all things.
Twelfth Edition March 2017 with Purim added. This booklet is now printed in at least English,
French, Spanish, Indian, Afrikaans and Slovakian. These booklets, are free so if you require
any more copies please send to: Ph. 07-854-7077 cell 021 384452 email
Dennis has all so written a Book titled: Small Beginnings – A story of God’s reality in one’s life.
Email firstname.lastname@example.org or www.smallbeginnings.org.nz or www.smallbeginings.com
THE FEASTS OF THE FATHER
AND THEIR PROPHETIC MESSAGE
The Feasts of the Lord.
The Lord said to Moses; “Speak to the Israelites and say to them, “These are my
appointed Feasts, the appointed Feasts of the Lord, which you are to proclaim as
sacred assemblies.” Leviticus 23:1-2
“Three times a year all your men must appear before the Lord your God at a place
He will choose, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks and the
Feast of Tabernacles. No man shall appear before the Lord empty-handed. Each
of you must bring a gift in proportion to the way the Lord has blessed you’.”
What will you do on the day of your appointed Feasts, on the Festival days of the
Lord? Hosea 9:5.
It is hard to describe the joy I get out of understanding the feasts and what they
mean to me as a believer in Yeshua. The prophetic message about Messiah
Yeshua is so clear and the worship of our Heavenly Father so real. Yet all this has
been hidden from us since the 4th century when the Church separated itself from
the Jewish people and our Jewish roots. In doing this we have in many ways
separated ourselves from God the Father. We all presume that we are keeping
away from the law by not celebrating these Feasts. When in fact they are not
Feasts of the law but Feasts of the Lord. Leviticus. 23:1-2.
These feasts were instigated for us to worship the Father and to show us that
Yeshua was not just another man. But that he really was, sent by God, sent by
God to die for our sins, God Himself incarnate in the flesh. The presence of
Yeshua is so obvious in the Feasts that it is clear our Heavenly Father is talking to
us through these events. There is a pattern here that is worth noting and as we go
through these Feasts we pray that God will reveal them to you. God is a God of
order. It is in this order that we receive a picture of our salvation, an awakening to
our sin, a call to repentance and finally the wedding feast.
It is this pattern of events that has been hidden from us for 1600 years, to the
point where confession of sin and repentance, so we too can be part of the
wedding feast, has not been emphasised sufficiently. Praise the Lord we are
being awakened to the fact that Yeshua is returning. We must be ready for that
time, be it now or in 20 years time or more. One thing we do know, it is going to
happen. Acts 1
There is much argument over whether we should celebrate the Feasts. Are they
just for Israel? Or only for the Church, the ‘true Israel’ as many teach but which
has no biblical basis? Many say that the Church has taken the place of Israel,
they are finished and it is all for us. If this was the case there is no excuse not to
keep the Feasts, as they were a direct command by God to Israel.
The first Feast is the Sabbath, a day set aside long before the exodus from Egypt
and the giving of the ‘law’ in the wilderness. In fact Genesis 2v3 says that God
blessed the seventh day and made it holy because on it He rested from all the
work of creating that He had done. Again in Exodus 16:23 this is what the Lord
said about the seventh day after six days of work. “Tomorrow is to be a Holy
Sabbath to the Lord.” Note what He says, “To the Lord”. This is a direct
command to the Israelites, a command to be kept before the commandments
were given at Mt Sinai. Finally, in Exodus 20:8-11, the Lord God gives a direct
command to keep the Sabbath holy to the Lord. Next in Leviticus 23:1-2, the Lord
tells us these are His feasts and we are to keep them as a celebration to our
Heavenly Father and to teach us of the Lord God.
Others teach that the time of the Jews is past for a while, and that they are not yet
included. If that is the case and we are still in replacement of Israel up to this
moment in time, then why are we not keeping the Feasts as God commanded ‘His
people’ to do?
It is true that we look at each Scripture in the context of what is being said and to
whom. We must be sure that we are not mixing the commandments of God with
the traditions of men, (Mark 7:6-9) as Yeshua said. The people of his time were
doing just this and we also can be guilty of doing so at some time or another.
The Feasts have two main purposes, to glorify God the Father and to give a
prophetic message of God’s plan of salvation through Yeshua. Anything instigated
by God to make us more aware of Him and to have fellowship with Him must be
right. Yeshua never spoke against the feasts He even attended them. Yeshua just
wanted to glorify the Father; John 13:32 and 17:1-5. In what better way could He
do this than to attend the Feasts, which give glory to the Father?
Seeing Yeshua’s physical presence at the Feasts can bring us into a better
understanding of those Feasts and come to see His spiritual presence in them
also. This can be a great awakening to many as they see the wonder of God and
how He planned our salvation from the beginning of time.
Scripture says, “Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the time of the
Gentiles is fulfilled” Luke 21:24 and in Romans 11:25. “Israel has experienced a
hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in”. Many people
live with blinkers on not wanting to face up to reality. The Lord gave Jerusalem
back to the Jewish people in 1967; they at last had full control over their own
destiny after nearly two thousand years. The King can now return and be
crowned `King of the Jews`. The time of the Gentiles was now coming to an end.
So if the time of the Gentiles is over and the Jewish people are once again in
charge of the city where the Great King will return, we have to take a look at
Scripture to see our place in all of this. As Israel exists again today we have to
stop and take a long look at where this leaves us. The Jewish people are
returning to their land in the hundreds of thousands from the four corners of the
world. This was prophesied by many of the great prophets, as found in Isaiah.
43:5-6; Isaiah 49, Jeremiah 16:14-16, Jeremiah 31:10-11, Ezekiel 11:16-17, Amos
9:14 plus many others including Romans 9-10-11. In our time in Israel we met
Jews from all round the world, and from every tribe, so we can testify to the truth
of the Word of God. If Israel exists again today, does this leave us out in the cold
as many fear it will? Not at all, Scripture is very clear that we are grafted into the
Family of our Heavenly Father. We are part of it, not separate or a replacement
but part of it. John 1:12, Romans 11 and Ephesians 2:14-15. We come together
in Yeshua as one - Ephesians 2:16-19.
“Yet to all those who received Him and believed in His name, He gave the right to
become children of God.” John1:12. A clear signal that we have become part of
the family and not the family”. Romans 11:17-24 tells us how we have been
grafted in to the “family” – the olive tree - not a separate tree. We have tried to
plant a separate tree and it has been separated from the main root. Therefore
divorced from the true nurturing from whence the life comes and that is from His
root and His commands. Romans 11:17-18 Scripture even goes further when it
says there is no Greek or Jew in Christ Jesus, Colossians 3:11. He has made the
two one, Ephesians 2:14-15. This surely is the one new man, neither Greek nor
Jew but Messianic. This is the term that was used in the original Hebrew
Scriptures. “They were first called Messianics at Antioch”. Acts 11:26. This term
brings both Jew and Greek together as that new man. For too long we have
expected Jews to become Christians and neither should we become Jewish but
come together as one in Yeshua the Messiah, Messianic, the one new man.
From all this we can see that we are part of, not in place of, the people of the first
covenant. If we are part of the plan, then we should be celebrating all the Lord
God has done for us and teaching our children the same. What better way is
there to do this than to celebrate the feasts that have been put in place by God
Himself, to do just that. Yeshua is returning and there are many people being
awakened to this fact and the fact that the Feasts are to worship God the Father,
God the Creator, and God the orchestrator of our Salvation.
Israel will exist again the Word of God says it will. After all, the covenant God
made with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob was an everlasting covenant. In the words
of Lance Lambert, international speaker, “if everlasting does not mean everlasting,
then we have a problem when we take a look at the new covenant and everlasting
If we believe in the Prophets and we believe in their prophecies about the
Messiah, then we must also believe in the prophecies of the Prophets such as
Jeremiah 31:15-40 and Isaiah 44:1-4 and again in Ezekiel 36, to name but a few,
when they talk about the restoration of Israel.
History now shows the fulfillment of these prophecies. Israel does exist again just
as the Word of God said it would and why? The simple answer can be found in
Ezekiel 36:22 “For my Holy name’s sake” says the Lord. It is through this
restoration our God’s name will be glorified.
It is this Holy name that is celebrated within the Feasts, with much rejoicing and
thankfulness, the Name (HaShem) who created the Universe, our world and us
and our salvation through the Messiah Yeshua. You might say that is fine for the
Old Covenant but what about Yeshua (Jesus)? Where does He fit into all of this?
As we go through the Feasts I will endeavour to point out, not only the celebration
to our Father in Heaven, but also the very clear message about Yeshua and our
salvation in each of the feasts. Also how the Feasts pointed to His first coming,
the understanding of His coming and salvation, and the latter feasts to His second
coming. 1 Thessalonians 4:12.
What love our Lord God, our Heavenly Father, has for all people that He sent His
only Begotten Son to die for our sins. How can we ever repay Him for such a
thing? God gave up His Son, and became separated from Him for a time, for our
salvation. Should we not then try to do everything in our power to be obedient to
His commands? “If you love me you will keep my commandments”. John 14:15.
What a mighty God we serve and we can celebrate that omnipotence here and
now in the Feasts.
Another teaching is that the Feasts should not be celebrated any more as the Lord
said, “ I hate your feasts” Amos 5:21. This teaching completely ignores the context
into which this statement was made. After the splitting up of the Davidic Kingdom
into Israel and Judah, Jeroboam became king of Israel. In I Kings 12 from verse
25 we read how he instituted a new feast in Bethel in the month after the feast of
Tabernacles, where he set up two golden calves. He did this for fear that as the
people went to Jerusalem in the kingdom of Judah to celebrate the prescribed
Feasts, his kingdom might revert to the house of David.
The ‘universal Church’ at the time of Constantine did the same thing in instituting
Easter and Christmas and making Rome the centre for the Church. They wanted
the control of this ‘new’ movement and to do that, they had to remove all things
that pointed the people back to Jerusalem, e.g. the Feasts. To this day many
leaders within the Church are still afraid that the people will focus on Jerusalem
and not on the Church, so they continue to keep the prophetic message of the
Feasts hidden from the people. One way this is done is by celebrating non-
Biblical feasts, just as Jeroboam did.
If the Lord is saying this to the Jewish people about this political changing of the
Feasts, what may the Lord God be saying about Easter and Christmas? Easter is
named after Estros a pagan goddess, also known as Astarte or Ishtar and the
Queen of heaven to whom they baked bread and from where hot cross buns
originated. Christmas, 25th Dec. is the date celebrated as the birth of the
Babylonian sun god, Mithra. Sunday, the Babylonian sun god’s day, was
introduced into the Church to separate itself from the Biblical feasts and
Jerusalem, for fear of losing their power and to convince them they had replaced
All the Biblical Feasts of the Lord are interconnected and cover the Father the Son
and Holy Spirit. Where as the feasts of the Church are not interconnected and
cover only the Son and Holy Spirit.
If the early Church was to make a separate time for the celebration of the death
and resurrection of our Lord, why call it Easter after a pagan goddess? This, of
course, shows that the Lord God was not behind this change; in fact the change
was probably the first openly anti-Semitic move by the Church to be recorded in
history. As the Church moved into the 2nd century, the Church leadership moved
away from the Jewish leadership of the disciples to Gentile control. Augustine,
among others, started to move the Church away from its Jewish roots. At the
Nicene council in the fourth century, chaired by Constantine, it was stated by the
council “ We must not have anything to do with these hated people ”. With such
a statement the Church moved further away from its Jewish roots and brought it
into conflict with the Word of God. Constantine also declared that we should
move from worshipping the Lord on the seventh day. As Constantine was a sun
worshipper and the Roman Empire already had a day of rest to celebrate the sun
god - Sunday, it was declared that this would be the new day of worship,
completing the separation of the Church from all connection with the Jewish
Within two hundred years, of this event, the Church stopped giving financial
assistance to the Jewish brothers in Jerusalem, and the world went into 1000
years of what is called the ‘Dark Ages’.
However, it has been said that it took over 800 years to stop Gentiles worshipping
on the Shabbat and the other biblical festivals, in fact the Puritans celebrated the
Shabbat at the time of the immigration to America. The Church brought in, laws, to
prevent Christians mixing with the Jewish people. In many cases these laws were
enforced through pain of death or excommunication to force the separation. With
that separation, came our blindness to many things within the Word of God.
Church leaders hid the truth from the people, such as connection with the people
of the first covenant. The common people were not allowed to read the Bible. For
example the Bishops Bible 1568 was so called as only the Bishops were allowed
to read it. In the time of the inquisition the Bible was banned. In some theological
colleges since the reformation the Bible has not been compulsory reading.
The knowledge of how God was to restore His land and His people, how we could
worship God in the celebrations He ordained and the salvation by grace through
our Lord Yeshua was lost to the people. We talk about the Jewish people walking
in the wilderness, dispersed from their land and their roots. In many ways we
have been like them wandering in the wilderness dispersed from our roots; not
knowing who we are in Messiah Yeshua (Jesus) and in many ways lost to God’s
purposes for the salvation of the world, Israel and the Jews. Salvation will come to
all who seek Him, Deuteronomy 4:29, Matthew 7:7-8. It is not for a few but for all.
Much in the Scriptures has been hidden from us, one of the main things is how to
give glory to God and worship the Father. Unless we know how to do that with all
our heart, the joy of our salvation is not complete. This full worship may not be
just jumping around clapping our hands and praising the Lord, it may be on our
knees weeping, asking forgiveness for what we have done to put the Father
through watching His Son die and being separated from Him. For causing
His Son to go through such agony for us and our salvation when He took our
sins upon Himself
There are seven feasts, in order, that give a pattern of events to come.
Colossians. 2:16-17. In the Hebrew these verses describe them as an
“outline of future events”. Take away any one Feast and the pattern is lost.
Dan G Johnson the writer of “The Structure and Meaning of Romans 11”
wrote, “In Paul’s view any church that exists independently of Israel
(Hebraic Roots) ceases therein to be the Church as part of God’s salvation
plan and becomes simply another religious society”.
4 BC Early Believers Celebrating Feasts
328 AD Nicene council separated itself from the Jewish people
and Feasts taken from Gentiles.
20th Century Awakening to the Prophetic message of feasts.
Sir Isaac Newton, who spent over half his life calculating the time of the end
times from the Books of Daniel and Revelation wrote: "About the Times of the
End, a body of men will be raised up who will turn their attention to the prophecies
and insist upon their literal interpretation in the midst of much clamor and
In other words people would return to their (Hebraic) roots.
For six days you shall work and on the seventh day you shall do
no work both you and the Alien amongst you. Exodus 20:10.
Before we look at the main festivals let us look at the first and
most common festival, the Shabbat. The first festival ordained
by God was the seventh day of the week, the day our Heavenly
Father rested from His work, the day He even forbade the
Hebrews from continuing the work on the Tabernacle Exodus 31:13-16. How
marvelous is our God who knows we require a day of rest. But should this be a
celebration of rest from our works or a celebration of the rest of the works of the
Creator God the Father? In fact it is a celebration to God’s provision, that He will
supply our needs and salvation while we can do nothing to gain salvation but rest
in Him and enter His rest. Hebrews 4:1A.
In Jerusalem, this day known as the Shabbat, the seventh day, the day when
things stop. To different people this can mean different things; to the very
religious all work must stop before the Shabbat starts in the evening, some of the
secular people have a day off at the beach. The Shabbat starts on Friday night
as the day goes from sunset to sunset as in Genesis.1:5. Even El Al, the
International Airline does not fly on this day. Walking the streets in the cool of the
early evening, when people are getting ready for their family gathering and
Shabbat meal, it is hard to believe it is a land struggling to survive all these years
after the Almighty, through the United Nations, gave these people back their land
again. In the Synagogues many people are worshipping, the tables are being set
up at home. The flowers are being purchased and given to the wives, so all is set
for a day with the family and of worshipping the Lord and one of rest.
The word of God says: If you keep your feet from breaking the Sabbath and for
doing as you please on my Holy day, if you call the Sabbath a delight, and the
Lord’s Holy day honourable, and if you honour it by not going your own way and
not doing as you please or speaking idle words, then you will find your joy in the
Lord. . Isaiah 58:13
It is not a Jewish holy day or even a Gentile day, but a holy day unto the Lord.
Exodus 20:8. The main reason we want to obey our Lord is that we want to please
Him in all things, obedience is pleasing God in the way He commanded. John
In many ways God the Father and His commands are much forgotten in the
Church today as we try to please people instead of God. Inter-faith worship would
be a prime example. This act is totally against God’s word, 2 John 10,
1 Timothy 5:22 and Romans. 16:17. Many traditions of man have been allowed to
enter the Church while many have ignored the commandments of God.
People are trying to please people, to fill the Church, but they forget the first
commandment. Exodus 20:1-11, to love and obey God.
It is said that Yeshua never said to keep the Shabbat. However in Luke 10 v 27,
Yeshua said the greatest commandment was to, “Love the Lord your God with all
your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind
and love your neighbour as yourself”. The first commandment is to love God.
Should not all things be done to the glory of God and not man? If we look at the
first four of the 10 Commandments we will see that these all relate to loving God.
These are all about loving and obeying God. Exodus 20:1-11, which includes the
commandment to keep the Shabbat day - seventh day - Holy unto God. The final
section of six is about loving your neighbour, all these written by the finger of God.
Ex.31:18. Commandments we keep when we love Him. John.14:15.
The Jewish people, who do worship God, look on the week differently from us.
They see the week as a prelude to the Shabbat when they can once more worship
God, and worship him they do. A day commanded by God to be kept holy, a day
that will go on forever, a day sanctified by God and never changed. Isaiah 66:22-
23. All people will be blessed if they keep this day. Isaiah 56:1-8
So why is God’s (Shabbat) Sabbath so important to our Lord? Why would Yeshua
say He was Lord of the Sabbath? Luke 6:1-5. Why should these things be hidden
from us? A point to note is the word Sabbath never occurs in the Hebrew
scriptures. The word all ways appears in the original form, Shabbat. I would
suggest, changing the word to Sabbath, is a way of changing the day to what suits
at the time.
There are several reasons why the Shabbat is important to the Lord, which I will
try to outline.
1) If we look back in to Genesis 1 we see that God created the world in six days
and on the seventh day He rested. It also can be seen as prophetic to the
millennial reign of the Messiah. Each day representing a thousand years, six days
being six thousand years, which are nearly passed, since Adam. These are the
days of man. Now the seventh day or seventh millennium, which will soon begin,
will be the Lord’s rule here on earth. This six days and then the one day of the
Lord is a pattern for that millennial reign.
2) Yeshua and the Father are one, John 10:30, therefore Yeshua is part of the
Creator. The Sabbath is a memorial to the Creator God and His creation, Genesis
2:2-3. “In Him all things were created” Yeshua was before the creation and
therefore as He and the Father are one, was involved in the creation process. So
to separate Him from the Shabbat is in a way to separate Him from the Creator
God. One of the main reasons why the early Jewish people wanted nothing to do
with the early Church was the removal of worship from the Sabbath. To them
removing the Sabbath was taking the heart out of the Word of God.
3) Yeshua said that He was Lord of the Sabbath. Matthew 12:8. In other words
the Sabbath was His and it can never be taken away from Him.
4) In Leviticus 24:5-8, it talks about the show bread placed on the Altar in the
Holy Place of the Temple. This bread was to be placed there fresh each day. On
the Shabbat twelve special loaves were to be placed before the Lord. On the
sixth day of the week, the people were to gather a double portion of manna in the
wilderness; this was the bread that gave physical life (Neshim). The bread on the
Altar was called the “Bread of Presence”, the presence of the Lord. In Hebrew the
word used - Hai’im - means spiritual life that only comes from the Father. So
when Yeshua said “Do this as often as you do to remember me” and “I am the
bread of Life”, He was saying He was the Messiah, the one that gives spiritual life.
1 Corinthians 11:26 says; that whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you
proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes. His resurrection confirmed the promise,
but it was His sacrifice for our sins that gave us the ‘Hai’im’ spiritual life and one
day He will return to usher in His millennial Messianic reign.
5) And they nailed Him to the cross and He breathed His last and died, as it was
nearing the Shabbat, the end of “Preparation Day” (which is always the 6th day,
Yom Sheeshee (Friday), they took his body and laid it in the grave. ‘And on the 7th
day, the Shabbat, He rested. Because His work was completed, He cried out “It is
finished”. So now he could rest from His work. The Lord’s Shabbat, that we also
are to enter into. Hebrews 4.
6) As He and the Father are one, John 10v30, just as God rested on the seventh
day when His work was complete which also involved Yeshua (John 1v1) so did
Yeshua rest on the seventh day when His work was complete as this also
involved the Father. Resting in God on the Sabbath is a confirmation of our
salvation. As it is the day God rested on the seventh day in the first creation week
and Yeshua rested on the seventh day in the week when He redeemed the whole
To say that Yeshua rested on any other day is to separate the Son from the
Father and possibly which could very much change the things of God, in our
minds, and even change the message of salvation.
God has laid down His principles and never fails to reveal them to us. Amos 3:7.
In the first creation week the Godhead worked for six days and then rested. When
they, the God Head, renewed the creation they worked for six days then rested.
7) Every Erev Shabbat, Friday evening, the Jewish Family sits down to a Shabbat
meal to welcome in the Shabbat and give thanks to God for what they have
through and in our Creator God. They break bread giving thanks to God who
gives us the staple food, bread and say “Baruch Ata Adonai Eloheynu Melech
HaOlam HaMotzi Lechem Min HaEretz”. “Blessed are you Lord our God, King of
the Universe who brings forth the bread from the earth”. After this they take the
wine and say “Baruch Ata Adonai Eloheynu Melech HaOlam Borey Pre HaGefen”
- “Blessed are you Lord our God, King of the Universe who creates the fruit of the
vine” We can clearly see Yeshua in these actions. However it does not end there,
for the Shabbat meal the family dress in their finest clothes and during the meal
the Psalms and scripture readings are the same ones that are read at a Jewish
wedding. In fact a description of this day, in Jewish tradition, is it is a day of
rehearsal for a wedding. This shows that the Shabbat meal is in fact a rehearsal
for a wedding, a wedding that will include the Messiah Yeshua. In fact 52 times a
year they rehearse for a coming wedding.
The act of taking the cup of wine in Hebraic tradition, from the Bridegroom to be,
is an act of betrothal. The full meaning of the Shabbat is just that, a betrothal to
the Bridegroom to come.
The Shabbat is a day of worship to the Creator God, Yeshua and the Father are
one. John 10:30.
There is not one feast on the Christian calendar that glorifies the Father God, for
who He is.
Easter...................... The Son and salvation through the blood of the Lamb.
Pentecost.................The Holy Spirit
The Feasts of the Lord
There are seven Feasts in the plan of God to show us our
salvation that helps us to understand the Scriptures and
foretell the final ingathering and the wedding feast of the
Lord. There is also a weekly feast that celebrates the
Creator God and His salvation through His Son Yeshua a
preparation of the wedding to come.
The first thing is to determine whose Feasts they are.
Leviticus 23:1-2 “The Lord said to Moses, speak to the Israelites and say to them:
‘These are my appointed feasts, the appointed feasts to the Lord, which you are to
proclaim as sacred assemblies’.
From this scripture we can see that these are the Lord’s feasts and if you read
through Leviticus 23 it makes it clear that ‘aliens’ living with them were also to
partake of these feasts.
Shabbat (Seventh day)
The Creator God including the Son John 1:1-3. John 10:30.
1/ Passover. The saving Grace of God Father through the
Son, the Lamb of God.
2/ Feast of Unleavened Bread Living a life without sin.
3/ Feast of First Fruits Being presented before the Father.
4/ Shavuot (Pentecost) The Word of God and the Holy Spirit.
5/ Rosh HaShanah. The coming King to take us to the Father.
6/ Yom Kippur. The Day of Judgment before the throne of God.
7/ Tabernacles . The Wedding feast of the Groom and His bride.
It must always be remembered the Son came to glorify the Father, and the Holy
Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) came to reveal all truth. John 14:26. This truth of course
must also include our Heavenly Father as well as the Son of God, Yeshua. (Ben
Let us now go through the different feasts and see how the Lord Yeshua and the
promises of God are in each of them.
The Religious year starts with Passover. Up until the 16th century in the western
Gentile world, this month, the month of Nissan - about the time of April - was the
first month of the Year, which was in line with the Word of God then it was
changed to the 1st of January. Apparently this is how April fools’ day came to be,
people continued to send presents to people to ‘fool’ them that it was the ‘New
FEAST: Passover , Unleavened Bread and First Fruits
(Leviticus. 23:4-8, Matthew 26:17)
Commemorates: Israel's deliverance from Egypt and from
Prophetic message: God giving up His first born and only
Son for the sins of the world, the sacrifice of Yeshua the Lamb of God, to set us
free from the bondage of sin.
Description of Feast:
Known in Hebrew as Pessach, the Passover Feast was the Independence Day of
the Israelites. Each family symbolically re-enacts the first Passover as they eat
their own Passover meal.
The celebration continued for seven days as they commemorated the Exodus and
wilderness wanderings, by eating unleavened bread and doing no work.
Passover is the time of the sacrificial lamb that set the Israelites free from their
bondage. Through the blood of the Lamb they would be able to live even though
they too were sinners.
The prophetic message about the sacrifice of Yeshua for the sins of the world is
very clear when the history of the Passover and Jewish teachings and living are
Let us first take the Passover itself. It is common knowledge to Bible readers that
a lamb was slain and the blood applied to the doorposts of the houses. When the
Angel passed over and saw the blood, the people of that house were left in peace,
the house was “passed over”. However when the Lord
God wants to give a prophetic message that leaves us in
no doubt as to the meaning, He normally puts more than
one message before us so there is confirmation in what
He is saying. When Yeshua was on the cross and the
soldier came to break His legs, which was common to
ensure the condemned person would die more quickly,
they found that He was already dead.
So in line with the Scriptures His bones were not broken. The Israelites were
ordered not to break the bones of the lamb to be killed for the original Passover.
This shows another connection between Yeshua and the sacrificial lamb.
It also states in Hebrews 10:19-20 that Yeshua is our “door” that we have to pass
through for salvation, just as the blood surrounded the door that the people had to
pass through to be “saved” in Egypt.
We know from Scripture that the Messiah was to come from the line of David who
came from Bethlehem. We also know that Yeshua was born in this town, the town
of David. What was so important about this town that Yeshua had to come from
The people living in Israel were ordered by God to go up to Jerusalem three times
a year, the first being Passover when they had to bring a perfect lamb for the
sacrifice. This caused some difficulty because of the distance some of them had
to travel and the terrain they had to cross, so a Temple flock was raised near
Jerusalem. Yes, that flock was raised near the town of Bethlehem.
Yeshua entered Jerusalem for the final time on the 10th day of Nissan. This is the
same day that the lambs were brought into the Temple courts. The lambs were
examined for 4 days to ensure they were without blemish. Yeshua was examined
over the same time period and at the end of this time it was declared by Pilate “I
have examined Him . . . He has done nothing to deserve death”. Luke 23:14,15.
Our sacrificial Lamb was without blemish.
A Jewish day is divided into two 12 hour sections, the first being from 6 o`clock in
the evening to 6 o’clock in the morning, the second being from 6 o’clock in the
morning until 6 o’clock in the evening. The daylight hours were counted off from 6
o’clock in the morning. It is a historical fact that the first lamb was sacrificed at 9
o’clock in the morning, the same time that Yeshua was crucified. Mark 15:25.
The last lamb was to be killed at 3 o’clock in the afternoon; this is the recorded
time of Yeshua’s death.
“and at the ninth hour He died”. Mark 15:32-33. From this we can see the direct
relationship between the sacrifice of the lamb for the sins of the people at the
Temple and the sacrifice that Jesus made for the sins of the whole world.
All sacrifices had to be overseen by the high priest who would declare, “that it is
completed” in accordance with the Scriptures. To understand how this was
transferred to Yeshua to declare that it had been (completed) finished, we need to
look back to the position of the High Priest. There were rules laid down within the
office of Cohen HaGadol (High Priest) and one of these was the forbidding of
tearing the priestly robes. Leviticus 21:10. So when Caiaphas tore his robes when
Yeshua said He was the Messiah (Matthew 26:65) his priesthood was invalidated
and anything that he now did in that role was null and void.
This meant he no longer had the authority to oversee the sacrifice and that the
animal sacrifice at that moment, the same time at which Yeshua was being
crucified, would no longer be recognised by God.
The position of High Priest had to be through an anointing of God, but it is a
recorded fact that Caiaphas was a political appointee made by the Roman
authorities. John 11:48. It seems that the position of High Priest moved from the
Aaronic line during the time of the Maccabees. They took this role as reward for
their victory over the Greeks, when they freed the Temple from the Greeks and
rededicated it to God in 135 AD.
For Yeshua to be recognised by God as our High Priest (Cohen HaGadol), He
had to be anointed by the previous High Priest. If we look at the first Chapter of
Luke we will see that both of John the Baptist’s parents were of the line of Aaron.
This made their son John the rightful heir to the High Priesthood. This is most
likely the reason that Yeshua, instead of being baptised in the pool at the Temple
courts, went to John to be baptised. He was baptised by the rightful heir to the
high priesthood and therefore anointed by God for the task that lay ahead.
Now if John was the rightful High Priest a role which was to be passed on to
Yeshua, maybe that is why God allowed the death of John so that all was done in
order and there were not two High Priests when it came time for Yeshua to
become both our earthly and heavenly High Priest.
Now as Yeshua hung on the cross, He was not only the sacrifice for the sins of
the world, (as the animal sacrifice was no longer recognised by God), He was also
the Cohen HaGadol (High Priest). This gave him the full right to declare “It is
completed (finished)”. “It has been done in accordance with the Word of God”. He
gave up His spirit and died. They placed Him in the grave quickly, as the next day
was the Sabbath. His work was completed. He said it was correct (good) and on
the seventh day He rested. He entered His rest from His work.
It is interesting that in the Seder (Passover) meal the bread (Matzah) used is
without yeast, in line with Scripture. When the Israelites left Egypt they did not
have time to bake the bread with yeast. Yeast is the symbol of sin in our lives. 1
Corinthians 5. So within every Seder meal the Matzah is without yeast, a symbol
of living our lives without sin. To ensure that there is no yeast left in the Matzah
for the Passover Seder, the Rabbis treat the Matzah in such a way that it speaks
of Isaiah 53. Firstly it has stripes, ‘By His stripes we are healed’. Next it is full of
very small holes, ‘He was pierced for our transgressions’, and finally it is covered
with brown patches like bruising, ‘He was bruised for our iniquities’, Isaiah 53 v 5.
Affikomen (Bread of Affliction)
For the Seder meal there is three pieces of Matzot (Matzot),
being the plural of matzah). The Jewish people see this as
unity between God, the land and the people. But as
believers in Yeshua we can see the tri-unity of God the
Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. As the Seder
meal continues the “Bread of Affliction”, which is always the
middle one of the three Matzot, is taken from the others, broken in half, wrapped
in a white cloth and ‘buried’- hidden - to be found later and brought back for the
final act of the Seder meal.
The Word of God Wrapped in a white cloth and buried. Luke 23:53
At the end of the Seder meal the question is asked - “Who has taken the
‘Affikomen’ (the matzah, meaning the dessert) and hidden it. ‘And Mary said “they
have taken my Lord and I do not know were they have put Him” John 20v13. The
children set off to find the missing Matzah and the one who finds it is rewarded. Is
it not amazing that when we find Yeshua we have in our possession the means of
the greatest reward obtainable, eternal life with God the Father?
Let us now return to the final act of the crucifixion, that is where Yeshua’s cloak
was to be divided amongst them. Matthew 27:35. They did not tear the garment
of this Cohen HaGadol (High Priest) Leviticus 21:10 so therefore His status as
High Priest was not removed from Him and therefore He remains our High Priest
forever. Hebrews 7:21. It is clear from scripture that our Lord was in the Tomb on
Genesis 1 tells us that the Father worked for six days looked at it all and claimed it
was complete. In John 14, Yeshua says the Father and I are one. That means
that He and the Father worked for six days of creation and declared it finished.
Yeshua entered Jerusalem on the 10th of Nissan, was examined for four days
brought to trial on the 5th day and was crucified on the 6th day, the day of
preparation, which is always the day before Shabbat (Friday)
Then the second person of the Godhead cried out “It is finished”, (it was
completed as per the word of God,) - gave up His Spirit and died. He was laid in
the Tomb and rested on the 7th day.
The Feast Of Unleavened Bread.
The Passover feast includes Chag HaMatzah, the feast of
unleavened bread, a symbol of being without sin. “and He was
found to be without sin.” Luke 23:14. This always started the day
after the sacrifice. On this Chag HaMatzah, Yeshua was in the
There is a thought that He could have been in Hades talking to those who had
died, and were possibly waiting on the Messiah to come. Ephesians 4:8-10 and 1
Peter 3:18-19. If this were the case He would be showing them that He was the
true Lord of the Shabbat.
The Feast of Unleavened Bread has been passed over with little interest other
than to say that leaven is a sign of sin and to be without leaven a sign of being
without sin. We know from scripture that the Israelites were told to eat only
unleavened bread when leaving Egypt. Exodus 12:15. Yeshua said to be aware of
the leaven of the Pharisees, Matthew 16:6 and Paul reminds us that leaven is a
symbol of sin, 1 Corinthians 5:6-8. There is a strong warning here for all who want
to follow in the path of Yeshua.
To take part in this feast of unleavened bread is a time of reflection, not just on the
fact that we are sinners who by the Grace of God, have been redeemed and
released from the bondage of sin. It is a time of reflection on what sin is, where it
came from, and what sort of affect it can have on our walk with God. It is a time to
come to terms with how sin can destroy us and distract us from the path that God
has set before us.
It is not the sin in the world that destroys us but that sin from the world we allow to
come into us, into our minds our hearts our spirits. This feast is a reminder of just
that, it is what is within and not external that destroys. Unleavened bread can be
kept for many years and can still be edible, but if we try to keep leavened bread
for more than a few days it soon becomes bad. It is the leaven from within that
destroys and that is the same with us, it is the sin that we have allowed to enter
into us that destroys.
If we remove the sin, the leaven, from our lives then we are walking the path God
commanded, “Be holy as I am Holy”, Leviticus 11:44 and 1 Peter 1:16.
By this we continue the process of preparation for the time we will stand at the
Judgment seat of God. 2 Corinthians 5:10. Yeshua started us on this path when
He died on the Cross. He is the standard we have to follow. Remember, there is
no further sacrifice because all has been completed in Him. Hebrews 10:26.
The Feast of First Fruits.
In the Hebrew language to say on the third day, is to mean the
day after tomorrow, so He rose on the third day, the day of
first fruits. 1 Corinthians 15:4.
On the first day of the week after the Shabbat of Passover
week is the Feast of First Fruits, the day of celebrating and of presenting the first
of the barley harvest to the Lord God. On the first day of the week the disciples
went to the tomb and found it empty. He was not there; He had risen from the
Yeshua was the first fruits from the dead. 1 Corinthians 15:20. When Mary went
to touch Him He said, “do not touch Me as I have not yet gone to the Father” John
20:17. He was still to present the first fruits to God.
If we look at Genesis 1, we will see that the first fruits were created on the third
day. It is as if our redemption was put in place from the beginning of time. There
is an interesting study to be made on things that happened in the Word of God on
the third day, e.g. it was on the third day after the Israelites arrived at Mt Sinai
that Moses went up the mountain to speak with God.
The prophetic picture the Lord God has presented to us through the Passover is
so clear people may wonder why this has not been seen before now. Over the
centuries the Hebraic background of the Bible has been hidden from the people.
The first ‘Believers in the Messiah’ were Jewish people and the problem was not
where do the Jews fit in to all this, but where do the Gentiles fit in to God’s plan.
Romans Chapters Nine, Ten and Eleven, go a long way to explain this. In the
beginning there were two types of believer, Hebraic thinkers, those who mainly -
but not entirely - lived in the land of Israel and Hellenistic thinkers, mostly
Gentiles, who had taken on the thought patterns of the ancient Greeks. There was
much harmony between them and the Hebraic thinkers tried to accommodate the
Hellenistic thinkers. Romans 15, but as mentioned earlier, as the Gentile
Hellenistic thinkers took control of the Church, the Hebraic roots of the Bible were
In researching the early Church it is found there were many reasons, some major
and some minor, for the split away from the Jewish roots. However there is
always a perfect timing with the Lord and in these end times people are being
awakened to their Hebraic roots. More and more Gentiles in this country and
around the world are coming to understand Romans 11, how we are grafted in to
the Olive (Hebraic) Tree, not separate but part of the overall plan and we become
one in Yeshua. Ephesians 2:14-15.
With the Passover complete, the sacrifice that gives us our release from sin, we
can reflect on this and it’s meaning.
Step one was now completed, our salvation was given.
God gave the Israelites seven weeks to reflect on this as He brought them to the
foot of the mountain, Exodus 19:16-17 where Shavuot (Feast of weeks) took
FEAST: Shavuot; Pentecost (Leviticus. 23:9-22, Acts 2:1)
Feast of weeks.
Commemorates: Celebration of harvest and the word being
given at Mt Sinai.
Prophetic message; The coming of the Holy Spirit to give us an understanding of
the Word of God and to reveal to us what we have in the sacrifice of Yeshua.
Description of Feast: Their forgiveness complete
When the Israelites were released from Egypt, they travelled for three days and
they came to the Red Sea. Meanwhile Pharaoh had second thoughts and sent his
army after them. Without this pursuit the Israelites
could have taken their time and gone up around the sea on dry land. Now they
had no choice, it looked like they would be taken back to Egypt. We can read on
in the Word of God how God parted the waters for them. Three days after their
release from bondage, by the sacrifice of the lamb, they now had to pass through
the waters to a new life. This can be seen as a type of baptism, where they could
start a new life in the wonder and glory of the Lord.
The people travelled on through the wilderness for a total of 47 days and came to
the base of a large mountain and camped there. These were a people who had
been in bondage for 430 years, according to the Word of God. They had no idea
of how to act or to obey God or even how to conduct themselves in everyday
living, much like us when we get away from God and His Word. On the third day,
which happened to be the 50th day, God gave them their instructions in all these
matters. In English this has been translated ‘law’ however in Hebrew it means
‘instruction’, instruction in conducting themselves as God wanted them to and in
how to worship Him. The people were to come to the base of the mountain and
there, God gave them their instructions, the Ten Commandments. Exodus 19 and
20. The first four cover loving God and the last six, loving our neighbour.
This happened at the time, which is called Shavuot - the feast of weeks – or
Pentecost. You are to count from the day of First Fruits the day after the weekly
Sabbath after Passover and on the 50th day you are to hold a holy convocation.
Shavuot, Feast of Weeks, also on the first day of the week. God rested on the
Sabbath, Yeshua rested on the Sabbath and so neither would the third person of
the Trinity work on the Sabbath. Another sign that they are one. Both the Son and
the Holy Spirit were sent by the Father and had to be obedient to the Father. “The
Father and I am one”. John 10:30. The Word of God came to the people at
Shavuot and they celebrate this happening in their history to this day. It is the
second Feast when they were instructed by God to go up to Jerusalem.
On this day the Jewish people celebrate the ingathering of the first fruits of the
wheat harvest and take an offering up to God.
This is a time of feasting and to thank God for harvest and daily bread, seven
weeks and one day after the feast of first fruits, 50 days. Leviticus 23:15. The
Jewish people received their teachings from God on this day. They learnt what
freedom meant and their responsibilities in that freedom.
On Shavuot the Jewish custom in many Yeshiva Schools (Bible Schools) is to
stay up all night reading the Word and in the morning they read the book of Ruth
and of her joining herself to the God of her Mother-in-law. They read this book as
it took place at the time of the grain harvest. Ruth, of course, was a Gentile. The
people in Jerusalem, as the dawn approaches, start their walk to the wall, from a
little trickle to a mighty flow of people all moving together for one purpose and that
is to pray, give thanks to the Creator God for the harvest and His word. Shavuot
is a time of rededication and commitment to learning the Torah and applying its
eternal wisdom to their lives with the direct help of the Holy Spirit. A person
cannot love what they do not know or have, so we cannot love the Word of God if
we have never taken the time to know the Creator God through reading His Word.
So that we can apply, the eternal Word to our lives.
Seven weeks and one day, 50 days after Yeshua rose from the grave, the
disciples gathered in Jerusalem, not to receive the Holy Spirit, but to celebrate the
giving of the Word of God at Mt Sinai and to give thanks for the harvest. They
gathered to obey the commandment of God, to present themselves at the Temple
for this festival. This is why there were so many people from so many nations
present when the Holy Spirit came upon the people to reveal God’s word to them.
The Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) came upon the people to write the Word on
their hearts. The Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) came not to do away with the
Word of God but to make it easier for us to understand.
As the Israelites received God’s Word to show them how to live and receive their
redemption, so we receive the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) for us to realise our
redemption and how to live through the Word of God revealed to us by the Holy
Spirit. John 14v26.
The Torah is the lifeblood of the Jewish people, as the Word of God should be to
those of us who have been grafted into the Olive Tree. It is said that if the Jewish
people stop learning the Torah, their assimilation is inevitable. This can be said
for us also, if we stop being led by the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) in the
reading of the whole Word of God, our assimilation into the world is also
The question I believe the Lord is asking is: “If you do not accept the whole Word
of God, both the Old Testament and the New Testament, are you truly born
It must be remembered that that when the Lord revealed the scriptures to them
there was no “New Testament.” What the Lord revealed to them was the Tenach
Uri Marcus, a Jewish believer, reminds us that in giving thanks when we say
“thank you” we are in a way admitting that we are in debt for the gift or kindness
we receive from that person. This means that when we give thanks for the Word
of God, we show that we are in debt to our Lord for the direction for our lives we
receive through His Word. We as believers can give thanks for receiving the Holy
Spirit to enable us to understand the Word of God.
John 14:26 "But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My
name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I
said to you”. With the help of the Holy Spirit we can now understand how our sins
were forgiven through the sacrifice of the Lamb, just as the people at Sinai, now
knew the direction the Lord God wanted them to take, after being set free from
bondage by the blood of the lamb.
When the people came to the mountain and Moses took the people up to meet
with God, the Creator God came down on them through a fire, Ex 19:16-19. It is
said in Jewish teachings that a flame came and touched each and every one of
those there present, so that each person could declare their understanding and
loyalty to God. It is also stated that over this 7 week period many people had
joined them along the way so when this flame came down upon them there were
people from many “nations” present.
God spoke to them in such a way that there was no doubt that it was God
bestowing on them His glory and direction for them to follow as living witnesses to
Him. God wanted to be their God and He wanted to tabernacle with them.
So God directed that a temporary shelter be made for His Covenant words, one
that could be moved when the Lord required the people to move. Exodus 40:34-
The people came into the Promised Land and a permanent dwelling was erected
for God, the Temple. The people were now no longer on the move so God could
live amongst His people, but a time was coming when the people would once
more be on the move, not as a body but in all directions. The Temple would be
destroyed and the people scattered.
The disciples gathered for Shavuot and then it happened. God came down on
them in fire and touched each and everyone of them so they could understand
that God had spoken and anointed them for the journeys that lay ahead. God’s
Spirit was on the move again to lead His people through the wilderness spreading
the Good News, they had become living temples. 2 Corinthians 6v16. Not to
journey away from the Jewish people but with them. One day The Lord would
bring them back into the land to await the return of the Messiah. Isaiah 49:8-18.
These first feasts, are a clear message and picture of the grace of God in the
sending first of His Son for our salvation and secondly the Holy Spirit so that we
could understand that salvation and know how to live in Him. Is that where it
ends? Well the early Church seemed to teach that it did. However the Lord will
return one day, Acts 1, and we must be ready. The story of the foolish virgins is a
warning for us to watch and be ready for His return. But if we do not know how to
watch, how can we be ready? The Feasts are that pattern of things to come and a
guide for us in keeping watch. Colossians 2:16-17
Step Two completed: Salvation understood.
Once we have God’s Word in our hearts, He convicts us of the sin in our lives and
leads us to repentance. For this reason there is a time period from receiving the
Word and the time to be gathered before our Lord, at Rosh HaShanah.
FEAST: Rosh Hashanah (Leviticus 23:24-25)
The Feast of Trumpets.
Commemorates: The beginning of the final harvest and the
preparation for the coming of Yom Kippur, the opening of the
book of life and the final celebration.
Prophetic message: The coming together of God’s people ready for the coming
of the King and in preparation for the wedding feast of the lamb.
Description of Feast:
This is the start of the Jewish Year of Jubilee, of redemption, and occurs on the
first day of Tishri. The Biblical calendar is based on the lunar cycle so each month
starts with the new moon. All feasts that fall within a month are counted from when
the new moon is spotted in the sky. However Rosh HaShanah, which means,
“The Head of the Year” occurs on the first day of the month, when the moon first
appears. This makes it very difficult to know when the feast does start. Because
of the uncertainty of when the moon will rise two men were sent to the top of a hill
to watch for the first appearance of the moon. When they spotted it, they would
run to tell the chief Rabbi who would listen to the account from one of the men of
the moon rising. Then he would stand aside and the other man would be asked
for his account of the moon’s appearance. From their accounts it would be
decided which day was the first of the month. If the moon was sighted before
sundown the day ending would be the first day of the new month, if it was seen
only after the sun had set, the new day would be the first day of the month. As
Rosh HaShanah is the first day of the month, once the moon is sighted the feast
begins. Nobody would know which day or hour the feast began until the new
moon was sighted. Even with modern technology they say it is still difficult to
determine the exact rising of the moon in relation to the sunset.
For this reason Rosh HaShanah is celebrated over two days, as nobody knows
the hour or the day so they have to keep watch. It is interesting to note that the
Religious Jews of Israel have in the last few years reinstated this system of
announcing the New Year.
Let us look at the Word of God in Matthew 24:36-42. Talking of the end of the
age, Yeshua said to keep watch as nobody knows the hour or the day when the
Lord will come. When we look into the Hebraic background of our faith we can
see that Yeshua never wasted words. When our Lord spoke He knew exactly
what He meant. The Hebrew language is full of idioms and in the translation of the
Word into Greek and then English, followed by our Hellenistic interpretation; we
have lost the original meaning. To say in Hebrew “nobody knows the hour or day”
actually means “Rosh HaShanah”. So when Yeshua said these words His
hearers would have known what our Lord was saying. The end would come at
Rosh HaShanah and they were to keep watch for that particular Rosh HaShanah
and not be distracted by anything.
When the Jewish people have a celebration they break bread and drink wine, the
fruit of the vine. The loaf for Shabbat is a long plaited loaf. For Rosh HaShanah
they have two loaves that are round and raised to signify a crown. They believe
the Messiah, the Conquering King, will come at Rosh HaShanah.
I have heard them ask each other in the market at Passover, “do you think the
Messiah will come this Passover ?” So how does this relate to Rosh HaShanah?
Some Jewish people believe there are two Messiahs, the first Messiah being Ben
Joseph, the suffering servant, the second Messiah being Ben David the
conquering King. The first to come and take the cares of the people upon himself
and the second to conquer all, two messiahs coming once each.
When John the Baptist asked Yeshua if He was the one or should they expect
another, he was asking was Yeshua ‘the’ messiah or should they still expect
another one. [Matthew 11:2-6] Yeshua answered John saying, “The sick recover,
the blind see and the lame walk”; He was saying He was Ben Joseph the suffering
servant. Then He said “The dead are raised” a sign of the conquering King.
Yeshua was saying that He was both Ben Joseph, the suffering servant and Ben
David the conquering King, one Messiah coming twice. The first time He was
revealed was at Passover and the second, by the words of Yeshua Himself, could
it possibly be Rosh HaShanah?
On this two-day New Year celebration the Israelites prepared themselves for Yom
Kippur which comes ten days later. In this celebration they extolled God as the
one whose standard the people have failed to meet and recount His greatness,
love, and mercy. It is a time to ready oneself for the coming of the King, the Shofar
blast, an ingathering of the people before God for the final judgment.
“For the Lord Himself will come down from Heaven, with a loud command, with
the voice of the Archangel and with the trumpet call of God.” 1 Thessalonians
4:16. It is very clear that the trumpet (Shofar) will sound at the coming of the Lord.
Rosh HaShanah is also known as the “Feast of Trumpets” (Yom HaTeru’ah).
With the blast of the Shofar the New Year is ushered in. This Feast is shrouded in
mystery, so to get a better understanding of it and see its importance as to why
this day points to our Lord’s return, some of the Hebraic teachings need to be
In the words of Derek Prince, a mystery is not something that is to be hidden for
all time, a mystery is something to be searched out, examined and acted upon.
Rosh HaShanah, shrouded in mystery, and Yom Kippur, are at a period of time
from the coming of the Word, at Mt Sinai, that the people could see their sins
because of what God was saying. Now it is time to gather the people together
before God for them to repent of those sins. We can liken this to the Holy Spirit
being sent to come and convict us of our sins; the time has now come for us to
come before the Lord and confess.
The common greeting at Rosh HaShanah is Gmar Chatimah Tovah, which
means, “May your name be inscribed in the book of life of righteousness”. The
Book of life is mentioned in Revelation 3:5 and again in Revelation 20:11-15 and
in Revelation 21:27. It is very clear from the Word of God that there is a Book of
Life and only those whose names appear in that Book will go to be with the Lord.
This makes it very interesting that such a greeting would be given at this time and
On this day it is believed that God created the world. The month is the month of
Tishri and things that happen in this month are said to have happened BeTishrei,
(InTishrei). The Jewish word for the book of Genesis is Berishet, if you change
the letters around in BeTishrei you get Berishet and so they believe that the World
was created on this day. If God created the world on this day He will also take
stock of His creation on this day. As stated, Rosh HaShanah means Head of the
Year, so just as the head directs the body so too does God’s judgment on this day
rule the coming year.
To summarize there are three main themes to the Rosh HaShanah feast.
The Kingship of the Messiah will be declared on this day. For forty days the
people have been getting ready for this day, the day of the coming of the King,
preparing for the gathering at the foot of the throne and for repenting for all the
sins of the past.
This is the beginning of the days of awe when the people will be divided up into
their different groups for the final judgment. Divided into those who will be
eternally lost and those who are destined to live forever with the King. Psalm 47
is read at the Rosh HaShanah service seven times, God’s number. It is read
because it is a coronation song for the King. Verse five speaks of two distinct
Jewish elements of this feast, kingship and resurrection.
God raises them up with a shout (blast), the Lord with the sound of the trumpet
(Shofar). Psalm 47:5
Paul repeated this theme in 1 Thessalonians 4:16; “For the Lord Himself will
descend from heaven, with a shout, with a voice of an archangel, and with the
trumpet (Shofar) call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first”.
The Marriage: Another Rosh HaShanah theme is the wedding. This is seen in
the readings of the Torah at this time. The concept of the marriage ceremony
taking place under the clouds at Mt Sinai (The Chupah) . They now hear the call
of the Shofar to come and receive the wedding ring and betroth themselves to
their Husband forever.
Deuteronomy 29:13 is read in Synagogues all over the world on the Shabbat just
before Rosh HaShanah, “that He may establish you today as a people to Himself,
and that He may be to you, God, as He said to you, and as He has sworn to your
fathers, to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob”
Another song sung on Rosh HaShanah is Psalm 45. Verses 13-15 talk of the
bridal Chupah or chamber, virgins and the coming of the King. “..... all glorious is
the Princess within her chamber; her gown is interwoven with gold. In
embroidered garments she is led to the King, her virgin companions follow her
and are brought to you, they are led in with joy and gladness, they enter the
palace of the King”. This parallels the story in Matthew 25:1-13 about the 10
virgins waiting for the Bridegroom to come.
Ps 47 with its Rosh HaShanah phrases of the trumpet and King ruling through His
return, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18, ..and Psalm 27:5 the day of trouble .. He will
conceal me ... His Tabernacle.. His Tent .. these themes are repeated in,
Matthew 24:40-41, John 14:1-2, 1 Thessalonians 5:9, Revelation 4:1-2 and many
other places. All this leads to the understanding that Rosh HaShanah could be
our wedding day.
This is the time to come to the realisation of the need to repent, a time when
baptisms take place - an outward expression of repentance - and to put on special
Shabbat clothes (Matthew 22:1-14).
A rehearsal takes place for the wedding on each Shabbat, a Jewish wedding song
is sung called “To you my Beloved”, it starts with the words ‘come my friend to
meet the Bride, let us welcome the Shabbat (The Millennium).
Rosh HaShanah is the “Feast of Trumpets”. Paul wrote of this in his letters with
the heralding of the coming of the Messiah in 1Corinthians 15:51-52 “... Listen, I
tell you the mystery, we will not all sleep, but we will be changed in a flash, in the
twinkling of an eye, at the last Shofar. For the Shofar will sound, the dead will be
raised imperishable, and we will be changed”. Again in 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
“For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven and with a shout, with the voice of
an archangel, and with the Shofar of God the dead in Messiah shall rise first.” All
these are statements that align to the Feast of Trumpets and the coming of the
These days, known as the ‘Days of Awe’ are also known as the day of the Lord.
When we look through the scriptures we see that the day of the Lord will indeed
be a day of awe !
(Isaiah 2:12 NKJV) For the day of the Lord of hosts shall come upon everything
proud and lofty, upon everything lifted up; and it shall be brought low;
(Isaiah 13:6 NKJV) Wail, for the day of the Lord is at hand! It will come as
destruction from the Almighty.
(Ezekiel 13:5 NKJV) You have not gone up into the gaps to build a wall for the
house of Israel to stand in battle on the day of the Lord.
(Joel 1:15 NKJV) Alas for the day! For the day of the Lord is at hand; It shall
come as destruction from the Almighty.
(Joel 2:1 NKJV) Blow the trumpet in Zion, And sound an alarm in My holy
mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble; for the day of the Lord is
coming, For it is at hand:
(Obadiah 1:15 NKJV) For the day of the Lord upon all the nations is near; as you
have done, it shall be done to you; Your reprisal shall return upon your own head.
(Zephaniah 1:7 NKJV) Be silent in the presence of the Lord God; For the day of
the Lord is at hand, For the Lord has prepared a sacrifice; He has invited His
(1 Thessalonians 5:2 NKJV) For you yourselves know perfectly that the day of the
Lord comes as a thief in the night.
(2 Peter 3:10 NKJV) But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in
which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt
with fervent heat; both the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up.
We confess our sins and stand at the seat of judgment.
FEAST: Yom Kippur
Commemorates: Atonement for sins of the nation.
Prophetic message:- Standing at the Judgment seat of God.
Description of Feast:
Yom Kippur (the day of atonement) a day that is spent praying and fasting.
Leviticus 23:26-32. Today, recognizing this day as the holiest of feast days, Jews
neither eat nor drink for 25 hours. There is no work done on this day, even the
International Air Port in Israel closes completely on this day. It is the day of
Judgment, it is the day when the people believe the books of life and death are
opened, to see who will go in to the wedding feast and who will not. We can see a
parallel in Revelation 20:11-12.
The cycle is nearly over. It started with the creation and the fall of mankind and,
with a series of steps between, will end with the Millennial reign of our Lord.
Shabbat; The wedding preparation, the rehearsal, the remembering our Creator
God, our Heavenly Father.
Passover; the sacrifice for the sins of the world.
Yeshua, the first fruit from the dead.
Feast of unleavened bread; the example of living without sin.
Shavuot (Pentecost), The feast of Weeks. Seven weeks to come to realise that
there was more to all this than just the release from bondage, The Holy Spirit was
given to reveal to us the meaning of what we had learnt.
Rosh HaShanah; Feast Of Trumpets. The calling of the people to repentance,
we have been convicted by the Holy Spirit and now it is time to come before our
Lord to repent.
Yom Kippur; The day of asking the Lord for forgiveness for all our sins. Yeshua
died for our sins but we still have to ask His forgiveness and accept that He did
so, to accept Yeshua Adonai (Lord Jesus) as Lord of our lives.
It is interesting that in the world today we are taught that there is no sin. This
teaching has also been allowed to come into the Church. If you say someone has
sinned then you are being ‘judgmental’ and you are in the wrong.
Yeshua himself said ‘Repent for the Kingdom of God is at hand’ Mark1:15. He did
not say, “Once I have died on the cross you have no further need of repenting”.
In Revelation we read that the churches are being told to repent by the Lord
(Revelation 2:16 NKJV) Repent, or else I will come to you quickly and will fight
against them with the sword of My mouth.
(Revelation 3:3 NKJV) Remember therefore what you have received and heard;
hold fast and repent. Therefore if you will not watch, I will come upon you as a
thief, and you will not know what hour I will come upon you.
(Revelation 3:19 NKJV) As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten. Therefore be
zealous and repent.
There is a day coming when we will all stand in the presence of the Lord and give
account of our actions or lack of them. Revelation 22:12-17 The Lord has placed
before us a sequence of events to come to this understanding so that no one
should be lost. Can the Messiah come to a people who are unrepentant and do
not accept Him?
Then comes the wedding feast; your name is in the book of life so you can enter
into the wedding banquet, the bride has been made ready.
The Feast of Tabernacles is split into three parts; Leviticus 23
1. Rosh HaShanah (The Feast of Trumpets.)
2. The Day of Atonement ( Yom Kippur )
3. The Feast of Tabernacles.
FEAST: Sukkot Feast of Tabernacles
(Leviticus. 23:33-43, John 7:2)
Commemorates: Israel's wanderings in the wilderness
and final arrival in the promised land.
Prophetic message: The Wedding Feast.
Description of Feast:
During the seven-day celebration of Sukkot (the Feast of Tabernacles or Booths)
the people gave thanks for divine protection and harvest blessings.
For seven days they lived in shelters made of branches, demonstrating their
vulnerability to external elements yet confident in God's care, to celebrate when
God tabernacled amongst them and looking forward to when He will do so again.
The celebrations of a wedding take place at this time. There is much rejoicing in
the Scriptures and also in the dance of the groom.
The third and final Feast of the Lord when the men were required to go up to
Jerusalem is the Feast of Tabernacles. It was the end of the harvest season and
is also called the Feast of the Ingathering. Exodus 23v16.
It was a time of rest and celebration.
We read in John 7vv 37-38 that our Lord Yeshua not only attended this feast but
He took an active part in it.
Passover teaches us about the grace of God, the Feast of Shavuot shows us
God’s power and the last major Feast of the spiritual year, the Feast of
Tabernacles, is about God’s rest. This is the place we should come to when we
are secure in our salvation and in knowing who God is. This feast occurs after a
long hot summer, nearly six months without rain. Three months have passed
since Shavuot, the gathering of the first fruits, the first gathering to the Father;
now it is time for the great or final harvest.
The one thing we can be sure about is the total plan laid out by the Lord for all
humanity will take place. It has long been a teaching of the Jewish teachers, that
when the Gentiles go up to the Feast of Tabernacles the Messiah is about to
come. This act of recognising the Feasts as God’s Feasts is to show that Gentiles
as well as the Jewish people are part of God’s plan. All the things of God are
interconnected, so if we want to be part of that plan then we must be part of the
things of God. The Feasts laid out by our Lord God in His Word, have a place and
a purpose. If we move one to a time and place to suit us, if we leave one out, if
we change them around, the whole order of events is gone and God’s plan of
sacrifice, knowledge of the scriptures, time for repentance and the second coming
of our Lord Yeshua, the wedding, is all hidden from us and we will not be ready
when it happens.
Yeshua said many things and also did many things, each one important as
regards our salvation. He prophesied and fulfilled prophecy in what He said and
did and also declared in many ways that He was someone special. When the
Scriptures were translated into Greek from the Hebrew and then into English they
lost the Hebraic meaning behind many of the sayings and teachings. Much is lost
in the translation that would have been very clear in Hebraic times.
Hebrew was the language in Israel at the time of Yeshua. More and more
scholars are coming to this conclusion. The Dead Sea Scrolls were all written in
Hebrew, and are in the Israel museum in Jerusalem. The Babylonian and
Jerusalem Talmud’s were written in Hebrew. When Mary said “Rabboni” it says
this was said in Aramaic, however this is also a Hebrew word which means ‘my
teacher’ John 20:16. Yeshua spoke Hebrew from the cross, Eloi Eloi (my God my
God) lama (why) sabachthani (forsaken me).
This is strong evidence in itself that Yeshua spoke Hebrew. To proclaim that
Yeshua spoke Aramaic is one way of removing His Jewishness. The next step,
as has been implied through the centuries, is that He was not Jewish. His
birthplace alone attests to His Jewishness, Judea is the base word for Jew.
An Israeli wanted to translate the Scriptures from Greek to Hebrew, the longer he
worked the more he came to realise he was translating Hebrew back to Hebrew.
The language flowed and many of the sayings that were not clear in the Greek,
became very clear in Hebrew.
In John (Yochanan) chapter four we read one of these teachings. Yeshua was
talking to the Samaritan woman; “but whoever drinks of the water that I give him,
will never thirst”. Just about everyone understands that Yeshua was talking of
abundant life, everlasting life, as we have had it explained to us over the years.
But in those days no one understood what Yeshua was saying, not even His
disciples. However our God understands we need a picture painted for us to
make things clear. There are things carried out within these festivals that we need
to look at and see what God is saying. It is amazing how man’s practices within
the worship, can be used by God for his purposes.
One of those practices was the wine and water drawing ceremony (Simcha Beit
HaSho`eva). Each morning of the Feast of Tabernacles water was poured out on
to the Altar (Mizbe`ach) with much fanfare. The water was a symbol for the
coming rains and for the coming year to be blessed. At this time much prayer
goes up to God for the rain to come to water the land. Water is life, without it
there is no life. Someone once said to me that in the desert a cup of water is
worth its weight in gold. The water pouring ceremony occurs straight after Yom
Kippur in the second harvest period. We are reminded that when things are going
well and the harvest is plentiful we may forget HaShem, God. Whether we are
farmers, business people or academics we might start to think that we are
superior to others.
At Yom Kippur we all stand before God as equals and are judged and ask for
forgiveness. All we have is from God, we are all the same to Him. Yeshua died
for us all, He died to give us life.
As part of these Sukkot celebrations it was usual to pour pure wine on the altar,
fine wine, top quality wine, from vines carefully nurtured, the grapes tenderly
picked and the wine masterfully produced. Only the purest red wine was used for
pouring on to the altar. Scriptures are full of how we should keep ourselves pure
before the Lord, be pure if we are to stand before the altar of the Lord.
Psalm 24vv3-4. ‘For He made them white (pure) in the blood of the Lamb’.
In this act of pouring of the wine on the altar we can see the prophetic in
relationship to our Lord. The pure blood of Yeshua who was without sin
(2 Corinthians 5-21) was poured out on the “altar” of the Lord, where the Passover
sacrifice took place.
At Sukkot water also was poured out on the altar, plain, pure water; nothing
added. No work went into producing it, yet it was accepted upon the altar. Water
is the source of all life. This water is also a symbol of being saved by the grace of
God, as no work went in to producing it. It is a free gift of God.
The water ceremony on the altar is a symbol of how our lives should be before
God; pure and uncomplicated. 1 John 3v3 - Hebrews 10v22 A symbol of
HaShem, God, accepting our service that is given with clean hands and a pure
heart. Psalm 24.
To the Samaritan woman Yeshua said that He was the living water, living as in
eternal life, not soul life but spiritual life, the eternal life that comes from the Father
in heaven. When the Word tells us not to be afraid of the one who can kill the
‘soul’ here Yeshua used the Hebrew word, neshamah, which means soul life,
Whereas when He spoke of the river of life He used the word, Hai’im meaning
Spiritual life. This is the life that comes from the Father when we accept Yeshua
as our Saviour, our Messiah.
During this water pouring ( Shimcha Beit HaSho`eva ) there was great celebration,
Hag HaGadol. People would wait up all night to see and be part of the ceremony.
There would be music and dancing in worship to our God; lights lit, enough to light
the whole of Jerusalem. It was a time of much rejoicing and of giving thanks for
God’s goodness, His forgiveness and praying for the rains to come. The rains for
the next harvest the rains that would bring life to the land and the people. Water
drawn from the wells of salvation. Isaiah 12v3
John 7:4 Yeshua’s brothers wanted Him to go up to Jerusalem to celebrate the
Feast. Yeshua replied that the right time for Him had not yet come. If He had
gone with His brothers He would have most likely been welcomed as the
conquering King but it was not time.
First He had to come as Messiah Ben Yosef, the suffering servant and then later
come as Messiah Ben David, the conquering King.
Later, after His brothers had left He followed them to Jerusalem and entered the
city quietly. He was there for the great celebrations, which built up as the days
passed until the great finale.
When the worship was at it highest point on the last day of the Feast, the same
day as they have the Dance of the Torah and the Dance of the Groom, as the
music grew to its highest point and the celebrations were reaching a climax,
Yeshua stood up and shouted:- If any man thirst, let him come to me and drink.
He that believes in me as the scriptures have said, out of his belly shall flow rivers
of living water. (Mayim Hai’im). John 7:37–38. This also a picture of the out
pouring of the Holy Spirit, the one that Yeshua would send, John 15:26, to reveal
all to us so we can see the Kingdom of God. John 3:3.
This was a greater message to the people than when Yeshua stood up in the
Synagogue at Nazareth and read from the Scriptures. (Luke 4) Can you see the
look on their faces as Yeshua stood amidst all these celebrations and cried out to
them - “Ani Mayim Hai’im,”? - I am the living water, the water of the spiritual life
that can only come from God. Yeshua was showing His countenance in all its
It is interesting to note the one leading the music at these celebrations was a flute
player and was known as “The Pierced One”.
When we look back in to our Hebraic roots and look at the context in which these
things were said, the Word does come alive. So can our faith in the Father and
the Son He sent for our redemption from sin, so that we, too, can experience that
celebration of Mayim Hai’im, living water in and over our lives.
At the end of the Feast of Tabernacles but separate from it, is the last part of the
religious year. This is when the Torah is taken out of its holder (the Ark) and is
paraded around with singing and dancing, this is SIMCHAT TORAH, the dance of
the Torah also known as the dance of the Groom, the dance at the end of the
Whenever there is a harvest there is a lot of preparation to be done before the
harvest can be brought in. A building is to be prepared to store the harvest, the
equipment has to be readied, and the harvest has to be checked to see if it is time
to bring it in.
Finally, it has to be gathered quickly before the conditions change that might affect
the quality and quantity of the harvest. In this we can see the hand of God
working to ready us, the people, for the final harvest.
Rosh HaShanah, means the “Head of the Year”, and is the sounding of the
Trumpet. “Rosh” meaning head, so we have this term, “The Head of the Year”, a
term that is very appropriate as the Jewish people understand that it is time to
think seriously about the year that lies ahead.
During the previous month they have had time to remember their shortcomings
and sins and look forward to the time ahead when they have mended their ways
and start afresh with a clean slate.
Passover has occurred and the salvation through grace has been bestowed on
us, we have come into that new relationship with God the Father through the
Messiah, Yeshua. We have had the feast of Unleavened Bread and the First
Fruit, Yeshua, has been presented to the Father. Seven weeks later we witness
the power of God in the coming of the Holy Spirit and the Lord starts to convict us
of our sins. Slowly but surely we come to understand that we too will one day
stand before the Lord on the Day of Judgment. We will be called to account for the
things of our past. There will be a trumpet call, Matthew 24:31, “And He will
send his Angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather His elect from the
four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other.”
He has given us time to be examined as he was examined for four days before his
crucifixion. It is now the fourth month, a time to ready the harvest, blow the Shofar
and prepare the way for the coming of the Lord.
Yeshua has been with the Father for nearly 2000 yrs, preparing a place for the
harvest, John 14:2-3. Preparing a place for the Bride.
When the trumpet sounded it was calling the people to the Lord, an ingathering, a
harvesting of the people. We have received our salvation, we have received the
Holy Spirit who has convicted us of our sin and we have been examined, now the
trumpet is sounding as a warning, Ezekiel 33:1-7, it is now time to come before
the Lord and prepare for the Day of Atonement.
The Shofar was always sounded on the first day of the month to let the people
know when the month had started. However on Rosh HaShanah it was sounded
long and loud all day. This was done in remembrance of the ram that was
sacrificed in the place of Isaac; we can blow it loud and long for Yeshua who was
sacrificed in the place of us. Praise the Lord!
It has been said that the trumpet sounded for the church in the 1920s and there
was a great revival that led to the founding of the Pentecostal church. Then,
instead of looking at the wonder and power of God, they turned inwards, looked in
a mirror and saw themselves. In the 1960s the trumpet was sounded for the
mainstream Churches. There was the charismatic revival but they, too, looked in
the mirror and saw themselves. They missed the call even though the message
was clear, 1 Corinthians 14:8. Now the trumpet is calling again, maybe for the last
time. In the last 15 years more and more Gentiles are hearing the call to prepare
the way for the coming of the Lord. The time of final repentance is coming and we
must be ready.
The Lord Yeshua has never fulfilled the Feasts of the latter harvest including
Tabernacles. As He has fulfilled all the other Feasts it is only to be expected that
He will fulfill this one.
Jewish tradition states it is at this time, - Rosh HaShanah - Yom Kippur that all
mankind will be judged, so it became the beginning of the Year. The sounding of
the Shofar was to call the people into a state of repentance. We can see in this
the final invitation for the coming of the Lord and the wedding feast that is to take
place when the Lord returns.
The House is prepared, the harvest has been checked, there are a few final
weeds to be rid of and the harvest will take place in the twinkling of an eye, before
It is interesting that there were two trumpet blasts, and two is the number of
witnesses required in the Bible. It has been said that the two witnesses to the
reality of God are Judaism and the Church. The trumpet is now blowing for both
to come before the Father to be ready for the Day of Atonement. There were two
trumpets made from silver and silver was the price of redemption. From this one
piece of silver there were two trumpets made, Numbers 10:1-10 KJV.
A symbol that the redemption of both Jew and Gentile comes from the same
source and neither replaces the other; we are one in Yeshua HaMashiach.
Ephesians 2: 14-18 “For He Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and
has broken down the middle wall of separation, having abolished in His flesh the
enmity, that is, the law of commandments contained in ordinances, so as to create
in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace, and that He might
reconcile them both to God in one body through the cross, thereby putting to
death the enmity. And He came and preached peace to you who were afar off
and to those who were near. For through Him we both have access by one Spirit
to the Father”.
The trumpet was used when God wanted to speak to his people as the Jewish
people were afraid to hear the voice of God. So the trumpet sounded when God
had something to say. He would gather His people for a solemn assembly, for
intercession, prayer and fasting.
The best known account of the trumpet blast was at the battle for Jericho, when
the Lord instructed Joshua to march around the city blowing the Shofar. On the
seventh day when the mighty roar of warfare went up to the Lord He brought the
walls down. After this the Jewish people began to call God the “Horn of
Salvation”. This meant that God was their deliverer who fought battles for them
and saved them from their enemies.
In Psalm 18:1-3 David says, “I will love you, O Lord, my strength. The Lord is
my Rock and my fortress and my deliverer; my God, my strength in whom I will
trust. My shield and the “horn of my salvation”, my stronghold. I will call upon
the Lord who is worthy to be praised, so I will be saved from my enemies.”
David knew the Lord was the horn of salvation, the one he could put total trust in
and who would deliver him from all the enemies he would encounter. He knew
that the sound of the trumpet from the Lord meant victory. The Lord’s trumpet is
sounding today for us, as we have the victory in the Lord Yeshua. It is also
sounding a call to repentance; the Kingdom of God is at hand. (Mark 1:15.)
Today more and more Gentiles are hearing this call and responding, whereas
others hearing it are rejecting it as they don’t consider themselves sinners or they
believe the Church has replaced Israel. A Gospel of love and understanding
should not exclude the call for repentance. A God of justice is a God who calls
people to account for their sins before it is too late. (Mark 1:15). Otherwise there
is no justice for those who have repented and walk in the ways of the Lord. Ps 24.
We may as well ignore God and go our own way and take freedom of choice to its
“ The great day of the Lord is near--the mighty men will cry out--a day of trouble
and distress--a day of trumpet and alarm.” Zephaniah 1:14-18 Yeshua is the
commander of the army of God. Revelation 19:11-16
When Zechariah learned that the Messiah was to be born, he spoke these words;
- “Blessed is the Lord of Israel, for He has visited and redeemed His people and
has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of His servant David. --- that
we should be saved from our enemies and from the hand that hates us.” (Luke
1:68-71). In some ways this prophecy has still not been fulfilled, people still hate
the Jews and they are still under attack. They will no longer be under attack when
the Lord Yeshua stands on the Mount of Olives, overlooking His city and His
people and is crowned King of the Jews and of the whole world. In the Lord’s first
coming He destroyed the power of the evil one; will it be that in His second
coming He will destroy the power of evil men and those who would destroy His
people? Yes, Yeshua has destroyed the power of the enemy of our souls but He
has yet to destroy His enemies and those of His people.
It is time to awaken to the fact that Scripture is very clear in its statement that
those against the Jewish people will be destroyed. Joel 3:1-3 The time is near
when these words will be fulfilled and if that time is not yet we will still have to
stand in front of our Lord and account for our actions towards the Jewish people
one day. ‘Blow the Trumpet in Zion, sound the alarm on the Holy Mountain! Let
all the inhabitants of the land tremble; for the day of the Lord is coming, it is near.”
Joel 2:1. If not this year, maybe next, the truth of His Word is that He is coming.
It is time to focus on God the Father. As He sent His Son 2000 years ago for our
salvation, John 3:15-16, He will send Him again to gather in the harvest of those
who have accepted His message of repentance and everlasting life in and through
Him. It is time to hear the voice of God in the trumpet, calling the people to be
ready for the day of repenting before the Lord, before the wedding feast starts.
Yeshua is the “Horn of our salvation”, He is the victory and He is our victory. He
has won the battle. At the head of the army He has defeated the evil one. The
generals of old would lead their triumphant troops into the city. The people would
turn out to cheer their victory. We recall how the troops returned to the city in
secret after David’s son Absalom was killed and how David’s advisers came to
David to complain. There had been a great victory and yet David would not
honour it. There was a chance the people would turn against him, so they had the
victory parade. This shows how important this parade was to the situation.
Yeshua won a great victory by His death and resurrection; Yeshua disarmed the
evil one and took him captive. When He returned to Heaven, God the Father had
prepared a great homecoming for Him. It was a great parade to show the triumph
of the battle. All the angels of Heaven came to meet Yeshua. They cheered Him
by singing, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and riches and
wisdom, and strength and honour and glory and Blessing” Revelation 5:12.
Then God the Father gave Yeshua the key to death and Hades. Revelation 1:18.
Paul tells us in Ephesians that God has placed Yeshua far above all things and
power and might and dominion, not only in this world but also in that to come
(Ephesians 1:22-23.) He also has a name above all names and every tongue
shall confess that He is Lord, to the Glory of God the Father. Philippians 2:9-11
Yeshua has given us a spiritual Kingdom but the day is fast approaching when His
physical Kingdom will be established on Earth as it is in heaven. This time is
known as the feast of rest, the Father can rest, the work is completed, the harvest
has been brought in.
The trumpet is sounding; the trumpet is calling the people into the time of
repentance. It is interesting that John heard, “I was in Spirit of the Lord’s day,
and I heard behind me a loud voice, as of a trumpet.”
There is no doubt, reading through Scripture, that the Lord will return at the Feast
of Trumpets, so we too must be ready or we may be found without wedding
clothes. Matthew 22:11.
These Feasts have been placed in front of us so we can be ready for the day
when the Lord returns. He will come like a thief in the night 1 Thessalonians 5:2
We must be ready or the Lord might come and the door closed while we are still
preparing ourselves. Matthew 25.
For too long the Roots of our faith have been hidden from us. We have been
directed to the Hellenistic thinking of Greek philosophy, which has had control of
the Church for nearly 1700 years. Any Hebraic understanding of the Scriptures
has been removed with careful and cunning planning.
2 Corinthians 4:4 “In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them
which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image
of God, should shine unto them.”
Men and women throughout the world are being awakened to the things of God.
For too long we have been directed to look at what we want, it is now time to look
at what God wants.
Colossians 2:16 “Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect
of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days: verse 17 Which are a
shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.”
In this chapter it is seen that the people were being lead to follow the world and
not the Word of God and they were being told to stand firm on the Word.
Finally: Hanukah and Purim
FEAST: Hanukah (Dedication)
This is not a Biblical feast, however we get a lot of questions
about it so I will include it in this paper and my thoughts on
Time: Sometime from the end of October to the middle of
December, it depends on the lunar calendar.
Commemorates: This feast tells of the rededication of the temple in 164 B.C.
after Antiochus Epiphanes had desecrated it. Hanukah tells of the relighting of the
Menorah in the Temple at this time.
Prophetic Message:- The light coming into the world and the darkness not being
able to overcome it. John 1:5.
Description of Feast:
On Hanukah (the festival of lights) the Jewish people celebrate their victory over
the Greeks and their rededication of the temple, which the Greeks had desecrated
by sacrificing a pig on the altar and dedicating the Temple to the Greek gods.
Through lighting a new candle each day for eight days, the Jewish people
commemorate the miracle of the Temple's holy menorah. When they came to
rededicate the Temple they had only one day's worth of consecrated oil, but it
burned for eight full days, the time needed to press and consecrate more oil.
The Story of Hanukah:
From the Apocrypha, 2 Maccabees 10 vv. 1-8
Maccabaeus with his men, led by the Lord, recovered the Temple and Jerusalem.
He demolished the altars erected by the heathens in the public square and also in
their sacred precincts. When they had purified the sanctuary they offered a
sacrifice for the first time for two whole years, and restored the incense, the lights
and the Bread of the Presence. This done, they prostrated themselves and
prayed to the Lord not to let them fall any more into such disasters, but, should
they ever happen to sin, to discipline them with clemency and not hand them over
to blasphemous and barbarous Gentiles. The sanctuary was purified on the 25th
of Kislev, the same day of the month as that on which the foreigners had profaned
it. The joyful celebration lasted for eight days; it was like the Feast of
Tabernacles, for they all recalled how, only a short time before, they had
kept the Feast while they were living like wild animals in the mountains and
caves; and so they carried garlanded wands and branches with their fruits,
as well as palm-fronds. They chanted hymns to the One who had so
triumphantly achieved the purification of His Temple.
The public assembly passed a measure to the effect that the entire Jewish race
should keep these days every year.
The Feast of Dedication celebrates the end of the Hellenistic oppression of
Antiochus Epiphanes IV. The level of resistance to that oppression shows us to
what lengths the religious Jews will go to hold on to the Word of God and its
commandments. It is said that Bethlehem is only a short distance from Jerusalem
so Joseph took his wife there as there was no room in Jerusalem. The Word of
God clearly states why they went to Bethlehem. The distance from Bethlehem to
the old city of Jerusalem is approximately 12 Kilometers. A long walk in the time
of our Lord before tar sealed roads, especially for a heavily pregnant woman.
Although Mary and Joseph had to go to Bethlehem for the census, many other
Jews would have had to go to other towns much further away. They would have
not have done this if it had been the time of Tabernacles, as it would have meant
going against the Word of God. (Deuteronomy 16:16)
Hanukah is a non-Levitical feast, as it occurred long after the Exodus, but one that
Yeshua did attend. John 10:22 According to Albert Whalley in “The Red Letter
Days Of Israel” It was at this time of the year, at Hanukah, that the very early
Believers celebrated the birth of Yeshua.
However, there have been many attempts to understand when the Lord was born,
as the time is not stated in the Scriptures. People have tried to work things out
with the result being some reasonable assumptions that could make sense.
However most of these calculations are worked on man’s understanding.
For example was Yeshua ever born? The simple answer is yes. Was He
conceived? The answer to this is not quite so simple. The scriptures say that Mary
conceived but did she conceive Yeshua or was He placed in the womb? We
humans in translating God’s Word understand conception but would we
understand “He was placed in the womb”? I do not know the answer to this but
what I do know is that He is the same yesterday, today and tomorrow. (Hebrews
13:8). So if He was the same yesterday, the day before He was born He was the
same. The day before He was “conceived” He was the same. The day before
Abraham saw His day and rejoiced, He was the same. Before creation He was the
same. Yeshua has existed for all time so when was He born? As He is without
end so is this question. Maybe this is why God the Father did not reveal in the
scriptures the time of His Son’s “birth” because Yeshua has always been.
So let us look at the understanding that Yeshua was born at Tabernacles. If we
count so many days from and then add them to, we come up with the value of X.
The Late Lance Lambert once said in one of his tapes that the time of service of a
Priest could be delayed or advanced, if the wife of the Priest was to have a child
or was sick; so as in algebra the value of X is always changing. I have just read an
article where the early Church Fathers using the same calculations about the birth
of John the Baptist came to the conclusion that Yeshua was born on the 25th of
December. We do not know the date of the birth of Yeshua but what we do know
is He was born at the time of the census.
The political authorities of the time in this area would not have called for a census
that required people to leave where they were living and go to the town of their
families at a time when they were commanded by God to be in Jerusalem.
(Deuteronomy.16:16). If nothing else these people were zealous for God and His
commands. Quirinius, the Governor of Syria, who knew the customs of the
people, would have known that this would cause much unrest and rioting and no
such riot is recorded at the time of the birth of Yeshua.
To try and understand when the Lord was born we have to look at the purpose of
the Feasts and their fulfillment. We need to look at the Feasts and see how
Yeshua fitted into each of them. The purpose is easy, they are a shadow of things
to come. (Colossians 2:16-17). Their fulfillment is not so easy, some people say
that they have been partially fulfilled. However they are either fully fulfilled or they
are not. If they are an example of what is to come, the Lord is going to fully come
or He is not.
To summarise the Biblical Feasts of the Lord:
Passover – He was our Passover Lamb.
Feast of Unleavened bread (Symbol of being without sin) – He was without sin.
Feast of First Fruits – First fruit from the dead.
Shavuot – Feast of weeks – when the Holy Spirit revealed to the people the Truth
of what Yeshua was saying to them.
All of these were fulfilled in and through Yeshua. We can remember Him through
these Feasts but we also have Him to look forward to in the remaining Feasts, the
Feasts of the end times.
Rosh HaShanah- known as the ingathering, Kingship and wedding.
Yom Kippur – standing in front of the Judgment seat, our lives laid out before us.
Tabernacles – The Feast – The wedding of the Lamb.
These three have not yet been fulfilled. Some say that Tabernacles has been
partially fulfilled but then it would be the only one of all of the Feasts that would be
so, and I ask, would God fulfill all but one and do it twice on the most important
Feast in the end times, the Marriage of the Lamb to His Bride?
There is another factor to take into account. What does Scripture say about the
time of the birth? It says that Joseph and Mary went to Bethlehem and the reason
for this was the fact that Joseph’s family line came from there. Now we come to
the point of discussion of the time of the census.
Scripture does not say they went to Bethlehem for the Feast of Tabernacles. The
Romans were many things but they were not silly, they did try to get the people
within their empire to work with them and not against them. The authorities would
have known that the Jewish people, within their religion, were required to go up to
Jerusalem three times a year. Passover, Shavuot and Tabernacles. Deuteronomy
The Word of God clearly tells us Joseph took his family to Bethlehem and there
Yeshua was born in a “manger” Luke 2:7, or in Hebrew yevus. If He was born in a
booth or in Hebrew Succah the Word of God would have stated so.
Now these major Biblical requirements seem to have been forgotten. Because of
this Biblical requirement, the Jewish people would have obeyed God before man
and this would have caused a major uprising, which would have been recorded at
Having lived in Israel and seen how the “modern” Pharisees react when
something is placed upon them that goes against the Bible, it is easy to see what
their reaction would have been if they were living in Jerusalem and told they had
to go to their family home which, for argument sake, was a town somewhere in the
north away from Jerusalem.
Now it has been stated that the reason the inns were full in Bethlehem, was
because there were so many people who had gone to Jerusalem for the Feast of
Tabernacles. There was no room for them there so they spilled over into
Bethlehem. However the Bible clearly says this was the hometown of Joseph and
that is where he was required to be for the census. The reason there was no room
for them is there was no room at the Inn, so it sounds as if there was only one Inn
in Bethlehem at this time and going by the size of it in Biblical times this would
most likely be true. It is also recorded in Numbers 2 the arrangements for the tribal
camps outside the Tabernacle which would have applied around the Temple. So
they would not have needed rooms if they camped as per areas allocated.
The Scriptures say “they watched their flocks by night” (Luke 2:8), so it is said it
could not have been winter. We lived in Bethlehem for 16 months and Jerusalem
for the remainder of a 3 year period and know that there are several points about
the weather that should be taken into account. The first being that the rains come
in the winter and this is when the grass grows and the sheep are taken out to
graze. It is not so cold that the grass growth is inhibited as the temperature in the
day can rise to the mid 20’s. There may be very cold spells but there are also very
long warmer days and the Shepherds are out whether it is cold or warm.
At night the animals were put in caves or pens made up of thorn bushes to keep
them safe from wild animals. Whatever the case that was used for night shelter
the sheep were watched as they are today, day and night, year in year out. Today
they are placed in a pen under or next to the shepherd’s home so that he can
watch them by night. All this means we cannot take the statement “they watched
them by night” to determine the time of year.
There have been many other statements like “He came to tabernacle with us” so
therefore they must have stayed in a “booth” when tabernacle means to be
together, as God was with His people in the wilderness. Also ‘The wise men saw
the star in the heavens, so they must have been in a booth’. Scripture backs none
of these, which must be our final authority. The Hebrew word for booth is Sukkah
but the Hebrew word for Manger (Stable) in the New Testament is Evus. These
are two very different words that do not have the same three letter Hebrew root. If
they were to live in a Booth why does scripture say there was no room in the Inn if
they would not have needed one?
I have looked at both situations regarding the birth of Yeshua, Tabernacles and
Hanukah, and wavered between both. Scripture supports neither but there are
some interesting facts about Hanukah, also known as the Feast of Dedication,
that could relate to the Messiah’s appearance on earth.
So am I saying that Yeshua was born at Hanukah? Maybe He was or maybe He
wasn’t, so why celebrate this Feast as it is not a listed Biblical Feast but one that
Yeshua did attend? (John 10:22).
To understand the importance of this time to us as Believers in the living God and
the sacrifice of His Son for our sins, we need to look at what this “celebration” is
When the Greek General Antiochus Epiphanies took control of the Jerusalem and
the Temple in 168 BC he attempted to destroy the Jewish religion and people. He
desecrated the Temple by sacrificing a pig on the altar, and created a temple to
Zeus in the Holy Temple of God. He then brought into law several decrees aimed
at destroying Judaism. The main ones were:
1. No reading of the scriptures.
2. No celebration of the Feasts.
3. No celebration of the Shabbat.
4. No circumcision of the babies.
If he had succeeded with this there would have been no Jewish people for the
Messiah to come to, or put another way, “he would have stopped the Messiah
coming to the people”. Now if the Messiah had not come as scripture had
prophesied where would that leave you and me?
This is a time to celebrate that the Word is truth and that the darkness, even
though it tried, could not overcome the light. (John 1:5). It is a celebration of God
overcoming evil and showing us His word is truth. It is also a time of dedication
and if He did come at this time in a celebration that lasts 8 days, He could have
been circumcised on the last day. If the Messiah had not come, it does not bear
thinking about where we would be today and where we might be heading. So we
celebrate it with rejoicing and praise that we have a future because God saved His
people and brought forth the Messiah into the world to save all mankind.
It is also interesting to note that within 500 years the Church did exactly the same
as Antiochus Epiphanies did, it brought in laws that prevented the people from:
1. Reading of the scriptures.
2. Celebrating the Feasts.
3. Celebrating of the Shabbat.
Or put another way, “evil tried to stop the people coming to the Messiah”. For this
reason as we come into an understanding of all the Feasts we have a double
reason to celebrate. First that the Messiah came and also that we came to the
Messiah and we have been placed on the path towards the New Jerusalem.
So now we can celebrate the victory of good over evil and light over darkness
knowing that our salvation is secure in Him. He has shown us the truth of His
word with the joy that comes from celebrating God in the way He has placed
Hanukah, besides meaning dedication, also means education and a new
beginning. It is also referred to as a Type of Feast of Tabernacles and a time of
joy, a common term is the Feast of Lights, and Yeshua is the Light of the World.
In summary: we must never let something like this that is not clear or in scripture,
be a point of division; discussion maybe, but never division because we could all
be wrong. It is important that we do not put it out there as fact with nothing but
assumption to support it. We must be very aware of James 3:1. We must be
careful not to make our personal assumptions fact.
If it was important for the Father to tell the people when His Son was “born” He
would have told us. So whether He was born at Tabernacles or Hanukah, or any
other time nobody really knows, and to make a ministry out of our preference for
the date of the birth or to be dogmatic about a date may only distract people from
the real message, the message of salvation and the path we are to follow to reach
the prize at the end of the race.
However, whatever day the Lord Yeshua the Messiah was born on will always be
a contentious point of discussion and the Lord said not to concern ourselves with
such things. (1 Timothy 6:20) It must always be remembered that Yeshua may
have come as a helpless Babe but He will return as a conquering King. This is the
event we must prepare ourselves for and not His birth, that is in the past. We have
to concentrate on the future and His return, when He will take us home to that
room that has prepared for us in His Father House. (John 14:2)
To concentrate on the birth can sometimes blind people to the full picture and hide
the path that leads us home, the Feasts of the Lord, our preparation to be Holy as
He is Holy, (1 Peter 1:16) for it is written: "Be Holy, because I am Holy."
This time of control over Jerusalem by the Hellenistic Greek authorities is
recognised as the first attack on the Jewish religion. Reading of the Scriptures
was forbidden, the keeping of the new moon festivals were stopped and therefore
the Feasts of the Lord also ceased if successful. The Church of the Roman
Empire also forbade the reading of the Bible by any except the priests. Even up
to the middle of last century it was still forbidden in the Roman Catholic Church
and still is forbidden in many of the Orthodox Churches of the Middle East. It
forbade the keeping of the Feasts of the Lord, which the Jews kept, and forbade
the keeping of the Shabbat. The Reformation was fought to bring freedom for the
laity to read the Scriptures but continued to ignore the keeping of the Feasts and
the Shabbat. Celtic Churches as late as the 8th century kept the Shabbat but
finally gave in under pressure from Rome. Praise the Lord there is a movement to
restore ‘The Feasts of the Lord’ in these last days! The Word of God is being
restored to the Church in readiness for the return of the Messiah.
God has painted us a picture; to some it may be abstract and has to be turned
and twisted in all directions to make any sense of it. To others it makes no sense
at all and they turn and walk away not able to understand. However, to more and
more believers this picture is becoming clearer each day and the eyes of many
Bible believing Christians are being opened and focused on this wonderful picture
of God’s salvation for the world. A picture of Yeshua hanging on the cross is clear
enough to anybody that views it, but what does it mean? How does it apply to me
and where do I go from here?
These points are answered within the picture painted for us in the festivals. Once
we come to understand this path of salvation, we are awakened to the full
understanding of the whole Bible - including the Old Testament – and there comes
a depth to our faith full of new wonder, excitement and freedom.
Purim and what it means to us.
Book of Esther: Pur (Purim) The casting of lots
By the suggestion of a friend I am adding some thoughts on
the Book of Esther and the feast of Purim. Someone once
said, because there is such a gap between Tabernacles and Passover, God
added two more feasts. The reason being is the feasts keep us focused on the
Lord but with such a big gap between Tabernacles and Passover, we could lose
that focus and wander from the truth. Hence the reason for the Feasts of Hanukah
A short time ago I believe God gave me a new insight into the Book of Esther,
which I would like to share with you.
Purim is in March this year, it is the Biblical account of the Jewish people in the
time of Esther overcoming the evil that was coming to destroy them.
There are two important lessons in this story for all Believers. The first is about the
edict of the King. We are told today that the 10 Commandments were no good
and therefore they have been done away with. Has God ever done anything bad?
Has He ever made a mistake? Has He ever told a lie? If we think that God makes
a mistake just take a look in a mirror, the Bible says you are beautifully and
wonderfully made. No, God is perfect in all ways so what was “bad” about the 10
Commandments? They could not bring salvation.
King Xerxes made a decree that would have all the Jewish people destroyed. This
decree could never be changed as it was signed and sealed by the King himself
and not even he could change it. [Esther 1:19] So Esther went to the King and
begged for the life of her people. It would have been simple to cancel the edict
that would have brought nothing but death and destruction to the Jewish people,
but he could not do so. The only way out was to make a new edict that would
allow the Jewish people to defend themselves against the first edict. This was
done and the Jewish people were rescued from the edict that would have brought
about their deaths. [Esther 8:8]
Our Heavenly King made an everlasting edict through His law that can never be
changed, [Matthew 5:17-19] a law that brings death. [Romans 7:5] But through His
grace and mercy He brought about a new edict through Yeshua that did not
cancel the first edict but brought protection and life to those who will accept it.
[Hebrews 10:20] In the story of Esther we have a preview of how the
commandments of God work. Keeping the Law brings death but keeping the Spirit
of the Law brings life through Jesus. [Romans 8:2]
The second point about the story of Esther is that it is a summary of, and speaks
of, all the Feasts of the Lord.
The Seven Feasts:
Passover – ------------------- Release
First Fruits – ----------------- Presentation
Feast of Unleavened Bread – Behaviour
Pentecost – ------------------ Understanding
Feast of Trumpets – ------- Ingathering
Day of Atonement – ------- Judgment
Tabernacles – --------------- Celebration.
In the story of Esther I would like to suggest we have all of these.
Passover: – Release. Passover is the story of the evil being destroyed so we can
have life. Haman was evil and when he was destroyed the Jewish people were
free to enact a new edict, an edict that would bring life over death. [Esther 7:9] –
There was Release for the condemned through Jesus who was without sin but
became sin on our behalf.
Colossians 1:22 yet He has now reconciled you in His fleshly body through death,
in order to present you before Him holy and blameless and beyond reproach--
First Fruits: – Presentation. This feast shows how we should present ourselves
before the King. Esther prepared herself for three days to be perfect in the eyes of
the King when she went before him. [Esther 2:3] Presentation – As the lord was
the first fruits from the dead, [1 Corinthians 15:20-23] as He presented Himself to
the Father, we also must be prepared to present ourselves as a spotless Bride
before the Father for the marriage of the Lamb. [Revelation 19:7-8]
Unleavened Bread: – Behaviour. Esther pleased the people who were in charge
of her and received special attention. [Esther 2:9] Behaviour - in preparation to
enter the Kings presence, to behave in a way that is worthy of the one we follow,
Jesus [1 Corinthians 5:7] who was without sin. [Hebrews 9:28]
Pentecost: – Understanding. Pentecost is the time the Holy Spirit came on the
Believers for them to understand what the Cross-was really about. When the evil
edict was placed upon the Jewish people Mordecai came to understand why
Esther had been placed where she was and Esther came to the realisation of her
role [Esther 4:14:15] in bringing life to the people; the truth we find through the
Holy Spirit for our lives. [John 14:26]
Feast of Trumpets: Ingathering. Esther called all the people to prayer and fasting
and as one they stood before the Lord. [Esther 4:16] There is a time coming when
we too will be gathered [1 Thessalonians 4:13-17] before the Lord in preparation
for coming before the King. [2 Corinthians 5:10]
Day of Atonement: Judgment. Esther had been accepted into the kingdom as
she had been made Queen, but she still could not go freely into the presence of
the King. Esther knew it was time to go before the King, she had prepared herself,
the people had gathered in prayer and she knew how she was to behave before
him. Now she took her life in her hands and stepped into the King’s Chamber and
awaited her fate. As she stepped forward the King reached out the Golden
Sceptre to her [Esther 5:2] and she was able to now come freely into the kings
presence. [Esther 8:4] We too can go freely into the Kingdom but only through the
Blood of the Lamb, [Revelation 5:5-6] which was only placed on the Altar at this
time of the year. [Leviticus 16:29] Now we are accepted not only into the Kingdom
but also into the presence of the King.
Hebrews 20:19-25 Therefore, brethren, since we have confidence to enter the
holy place by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way which He inaugurated
for us through the veil, that is, His flesh, and since we have a great priest over the
house of God, let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith,
having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed
with pure water. Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for
He who promised is faithful; and let us consider how to stimulate one another to
love and good deeds, not forsaking our own assembling together, as is the habit
of some, but encouraging one another; and all the more as you see the day
Tabernacles: celebration. Once the Jewish people had been saved, Mordecai
sent a notice to all the people. It was then that Purim became a time of celebration
to be held every year from that day on. [Esther 9:26-29] When we stand before
the throne of the Great King we surely have a reason to celebrate, forever. The
Feast of Tabernacles is placed there for our time to celebrate well into the future
[Zechariah 14:16] the glory of the Lord.
I have not looked too deeply in the story of Esther before and now the Lord has
revealed these thoughts to me, I can see it is something to recognise as a major
event in God’s plans.
"But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He
will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to
you. John 14:26
AT THAT TIME THEY WILL CALL JERUSALEM
THE THRONE OF THE LORD, AND ALL THE NATIONS
SHALL GATHER IN JERUSALEM TO HONOUR
THE NAME OF THE LORD - JEREMIAH 3:17A
Page 2 Feasts of the Lord.
Page 8 The Shabbat.
Page 12 The Holy Days of our Lord.
Page 13 Passover.
Page 17 Feast of Unleavened Bread.
Page 18 Feast of First Fruits.
Page 20 Shavuot (Pentecost) Feast of Weeks.
Page 24 Rosh HaShanah (Feast of Trumpets).
Page 29 Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
Page 31 Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles).
Page 35 Summary of Feasts.
Page 40 Hanukah (Feast of Dedication)
Page 46 Conclusion
Page 47 Purim
“Be dressed ready for service and keep your lamps burning,
like men waiting for their master to return from a wedding
banquet, so that when he comes and knocks they can
immediately open the door for him. It will be good for those
servants whose master finds them watching when he comes. I
tell you the truth, he will dress himself to serve, will have
them recline at the table and will come and wait on them. It
will be good for those servants whose master finds them
ready, even if he comes in the second or third watch of the
night. But understand this: If the owner of the house had
known at what hour the thief was coming, he would not have
let his house be broken into. You also must be ready, because
the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect
Testimony on Book
Yes, they arrived yesterday.
I will use them on Friday morning.
Plus give one to my Jewish friend. I am particularly interested in his response to the teachings in the book.
Possibly have a few over in which case I’ll share with my home group.
I think it is excellent as it is one more tool to demonstrate that The Bible is clearly written by God.
While it is very different it fits in the same category as God’s Awesome Book. http://godsawesomebook.com/
And Eric Jackson’s book about what the stars are telling us; (actually I don’t think that is in print so I should contact him to see if he will allow Acorns To Oak Trees to publish it).
Dennis, I am very grateful.
These booklets are free, so if you require a copy please send to:
Ph. 07-854-7077 cell 021 384452
THE FEASTS OF THE FATHER
AND THEIR PROPHETIC MESSAGE
The Feasts of the Lord.
The Lord said to Moses; “Speak to the Israelites and say to them, “These are my appointed Feasts, the appointed Feasts of the Lord, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies.” Leviticus 23:1-2
“Three times a year all your men must appear before the Lord your God at a place He will choose, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Tabernacles. No man shall appear before the Lord empty-handed. Each of you must bring a gift in proportion to the way the Lord has blessed you’.” Deuteronomy 16:16-17.
What will you do on the day of your appointed Feasts, on the Festival days of the Lord? Hosea 9:5.
It is hard to describe the joy I get out of understanding the feasts and what they mean to me as a believer in Yeshua. The prophetic message about Messiah Yeshua is so clear and the worship of our Heavenly Father so real. Yet all this has been hidden from us since the 4th century when the Church separated itself from the Jewish people and our Jewish roots. In doing this we have in many ways separated ourselves from God the Father. We all presume that we are keeping away from the law by not celebrating these Feasts. When in fact they are not Feasts of the law but Feasts of the Lord. Leviticus. 23:1-2.
These feasts were instigated for us to worship the Father and to show us that Yeshua was not just another man. But that he really was sent by God, sent by God to die for our sins, God Himself incarnate in the flesh. The presence of Yeshua is so obvious in the Feasts that it is clear our Heavenly Father is talking to us through these events. There is a pattern here that is worth noting and as we go through these Feasts we pray that God will reveal them to you. God is a God of order. It is in this order that we receive a picture of our salvation, an awakening to our sin, a call to repentance and finally the wedding feast.
It is this pattern of events that has been hidden from us for 1600 years, to the point where confession of sin and repentance, so we too can be part of the wedding feast, has not been emphasised sufficiently. Praise the Lord we are being awakened to the fact that Yeshua is returning. We must be ready for that time, be it now or in 20 years time or more. One thing we do know, it is going to happen. Acts 1
There is much argument over whether we should celebrate the Feasts. Are they just for Israel? Or only for the Church, the ‘true Israel’ as many teach but which has no biblical basis? Many say that the Church has taken the place of Israel, they are finished and it is all for us. If this was the case there is no excuse not to keep the Feasts, as they were a direct command by God to Israel.
The first Feast is the Sabbath, a day set aside long before the exodus from Egypt and the giving of the ‘law’ in the wilderness. In fact Genesis 2v3 says that God blessed the seventh day and made it holy because on it He rested from all the work of creating that He had done. Again in Exodus 16:23 this is what the Lord said about the seventh day after six days of work. “Tomorrow is to be a Holy Sabbath to the Lord.” Note what He says, “To the Lord”. This is a direct command to the Israelites, a command to be kept before the commandments were given at Mt Sinai. Finally, in Exodus 20:8-11, the Lord God gives a direct command to keep the Sabbath holy to the Lord. Next in Leviticus 23:1-2, the Lord tells us these are His feasts and we are to keep them as a celebration to our Heavenly Father and to teach us of the Lord God.
Others teach that the time of the Jews is past for a while, and that they are not yet included. If that is the case and we are still in replacement of Israel up to this moment in time, then why are we not keeping the Feasts as God commanded ‘His people’ to do?
It is true that we look at each Scripture in the context of what is being said and to whom. We must be sure that we are not mixing the commandments of God with the traditions of men, (Mark 7:6-9) as Yeshua said. The people of his time were doing just this and we also can be guilty of doing so at some time or another.
The Feasts have two main purposes, to glorify God the Father and to give a prophetic message of God’s plan of salvation through Yeshua. Anything instigated by God to make us more aware of Him and to have fellowship with Him must be right. Yeshua never spoke against the feasts He even attended them. Yeshua just wanted to glorify the Father; John 13:32 and 17:1-5. In what better way could He do this than to attend the Feasts, which give glory to the Father?
Seeing Yeshua’s physical presence at the Feasts can bring us into a better understanding of those Feasts and come to see His spiritual presence in them also. This can be a great awakening to many as they see the wonder of God and how He planned our salvation from the beginning of time.
Scripture says, “Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the time of the Gentiles is fulfilled” Luke 21:24 and in Romans 11:25. “Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in”. Many people live with blinkers on not wanting to face up to reality. The Lord gave Jerusalem back to the Jewish people in 1967; they at last had full control over their own destiny after nearly two thousand years. The King can now return and be crowned `King of the Jews`. The time of the Gentiles was now coming to an end.
So if the time of the Gentiles is over and the Jewish people are once again in charge of the city where the Great King will return, we have to take a look at Scripture to see our place in all of this. As Israel exists again today we have to stop and take a long look at where this leaves us. The Jewish people are returning to their land in the hundreds of thousands from the four corners of the world. This was prophesied by many of the great prophets, as found in Isaiah. 43:5-6; Isaiah 49, Jeremiah 16:14-16, Jeremiah 31:10-11, Ezekiel 11:16-17, Amos 9:14 plus many others including Romans 9-10-11. In our time in Israel we met Jews from all round the world, and from every tribe, so we can testify to the truth of the Word of God. If Israel exists again today, does this leave us out in the cold as many fear it will? Not at all, Scripture is very clear that we are grafted into the Family of our Heavenly Father. We are part of it, not separate or a replacement. John 1:12, Romans 11 and Ephesians 2:14-15. We come together in Yeshua as one - Ephesians 2:16-19.
“Yet to all those who received Him and believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God.” John 1:12. A clear signal that we have become part of the family and not the family”. Romans 11:17-24 tells us how we have been grafted in to the “family” – the olive tree - not a separate tree. We have tried to plant a separate tree and it has been separated from the main root. Therefore divorced from the true nurturing from whence the life comes and that is from His root and His commands. Romans 11:17-18 Scripture even goes further when it says there is no Greek nor Jew in Christ Jesus, Colossians 3:11. He has made the two one, Ephesians 2:14-15. This surely is the one new man, neither Greek nor Jew but Messianic. This is the term that was used in the original Hebrew Scriptures. “They were first called Messianics at Antioch”. Acts 11:26. This term brings both Jew and Greek together as that new man. For too long we have expected Jews to become Christians and neither should we become Jewish but come together as one in Yeshua the Messiah, Messianic, the one new man.
From all this we can see that we are part of, not in place of, the people of the first covenant. If we are part of the plan, then we should be celebrating all the Lord God has done for us and teaching our children the same. What better way is there to do this than to celebrate the feasts that have been put in place by God
Himself to do just that. Yeshua is returning and there are many people being awakened to this fact and the fact that the Feasts are to worship God the Father, God the Creator, God the orchestrator of our Salvation.
Israel will exist again the Word of God says it will. After all the covenant God made with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob was an everlasting covenant. In the words of Lance Lambert, international speaker, “if everlasting does not mean everlasting, then we have a problem when we take a look at the new covenant and everlasting life.”
If we believe in the Prophets and we believe in their prophecies about the Messiah, then we must also believe in the prophecies of the Prophets such as Jeremiah 31:15-40 and Isaiah 44:1-4 and again in Ezekiel 36, to name but a few, when they talk about the restoration of Israel.
History now shows the fulfillment of these prophecies. Israel does exist again just as the Word of God said it would and why? The simple answer can be found in Ezekiel 36:22 “For my Holy name’s sake” says the Lord. It is through this restoration our God’s name will be glorified.
It is this Holy name that is celebrated within the Feasts, with much rejoicing and thankfulness, the Name (HaShem) who created the Universe, our world and us and our salvation through the Messiah Yeshua. You might say that is fine for the Old Covenant but what about Yeshua (Jesus)? Where does He fit into all of this? As we go through the Feasts I will endeavour to point out, not only the celebration to our Father in Heaven, but also the very clear message about Yeshua and our salvation in each of the feasts. Also how the Feasts pointed to His first coming, the understanding of His coming and salvation, and the latter feasts to His second coming. 1 Thessalonians 4:12.
What love our Lord God, our Heavenly Father, has for all people that He sent His only Begotten Son to die for our sins. How can we ever repay Him for such a thing? God gave up His Son, and became separated from Him for a time, for our salvation. Should we not then try to do everything in our power to be obedient to His commands? “If you love me you will keep my commandments”. John 14:15. What a mighty God we serve and we can celebrate that omnipotence here and now in the Feasts.
Another teaching is that the Feasts should not be celebrated any more as the Lord said, “ I hate your feasts” Amos 5:21. This teaching completely ignores the context into which this statement was made. After the splitting up of the Davidic Kingdom into Israel and Judah, Jeroboam became king of Israel. In I Kings 12 from verse 25 we read how he instituted a new feast in Bethel in the month after the feast of Tabernacles, where he set up two golden calves. He did this for fear that as the people went to Jerusalem in the kingdom of Judah to celebrate the prescribed Feasts, his kingdom might revert to the house of David.
The ‘universal Church’ at the time of Constantine did the same thing in instituting Easter and Christmas and making Rome the centre for the Church. They wanted the control of this ‘new’ movement and to do that, they had to remove all things that pointed the people back to Jerusalem, e.g. the Feasts. To this day many leaders within the Church are still afraid that the people will focus on Jerusalem and not on the Church, so they continue to keep the prophetic message of the Feasts hidden from the people. One way this is done is by celebrating non-Biblical feasts, just as Jeroboam did.
If the Lord is saying this to the Jewish people about this political changing of the Feasts, what may the Lord God be saying about Easter and Christmas? Easter is named after Estros a pagan goddess, also known as Astarte or Ishtar and the Queen of heaven to whom they baked bread and from where hot cross buns originated. Christmas, 25th Dec. is the date celebrated as the birth of the Babylonian sun god, Mithra. Sunday, the Babylonian sun god’s day, was introduced into the Church to separate itself from the Biblical feasts and Jerusalem, for fear of losing their power and to convince them they had replaced Israel.
All the Biblical Feasts of the Lord are interconnected and cover the Father the Son and Holy Spirit. Where as the feasts of the Church are not interconnected and cover only the Son and Holy Spirit.
If the early Church was to make a separate time for the celebration of the death and resurrection of our Lord, why call it Easter after a pagan goddess? This, of course, shows that the Lord God was not behind this change; in fact the change was probably the first openly anti-Semitic move by the Church to be recorded in history. As the Church moved into the 2nd century, the Church leadership moved away from the Jewish leadership of the disciples to Gentile control. Augustine, among others, started to move the Church away from its Jewish roots. At the Nicene council in the fourth century, chaired by Constantine, it was stated by the council “ We must not have anything to do with these hated people ”. With such a statement the Church moved further away from its Jewish roots and brought it into conflict with the Word of God. Constantine also declared that we should move from worshipping the Lord on the seventh day. As Constantine was a sun worshipper and the Roman Empire already had a day of rest to celebrate the sun god - Sunday, it was declared that this would be the new day of worship, completing the separation of the Church from all connection with the Jewish people.
Within two hundred years, of this event, the Church stopped giving financial assistance to the Jewish brothers in Jerusalem, and the world went into 1000 years of what is called the ‘Dark Ages’.
However, it has been said that it took over 800 years to stop Gentiles worshipping on the Shabbat and the other biblical festivals, in fact the Puritans celebrated the Shabbat at the time of the immigration to America. Laws were brought in to prevent Christians mixing with the Jewish people, in many cases through pain of death or excommunication, to force the separation. With that separation, came our blindness to many things within the Word of God. Church leaders hid the truth from the people, such as connection with the people of the first covenant. The common people were not allowed to read the Bible. For example the Bishops Bible 1568 was so called as only the Bishops were allowed to read it. In the time of the inquisition the Bible was banned. In some theological colleges since the reformation the Bible has not been compulsory reading.
The knowledge of how God was to restore His land and His people, how we could worship God in the celebrations He ordained and the salvation by grace through our Lord Yeshua was lost to the people. We talk about the Jewish people walking in the wilderness, dispersed from their land and their roots. In many ways we have been like them wandering in the wilderness dispersed from our roots; not knowing who we are in Messiah Yeshua (Jesus) and in many ways lost to God’s purposes for the salvation of the world, Israel and the Jews. Salvation will come to all who seek Him, Deuteronomy 4:29, Matthew 7:7-8. It is not for a few but for all. Much in the Scriptures has been hidden from us, one of the main things is how to give glory to God and worship the Father. Unless we know how to do that with all our heart, the joy of our salvation is not complete. This full worship may not be just jumping around clapping our hands and praising the Lord, it may be on our knees weeping, asking forgiveness for what we have done to put the Father through watching His Son die and being separated from Him. For causing His Son to go through such agony for us and our salvation when He took our sins upon Himself
There are seven feasts, in order, that give a pattern of events to come. Colossians. 2:16-17. In the Hebrew these verses describe them as an “outline of future events”. Take away any one Feast and the pattern is lost. Dan G Johnson the writer of “The Structure and Meaning of Romans 11” wrote, “In Paul’s view any church that exists independently of Israel (Hebraic Roots) ceases therein to be the Church as part of God’s salvation plan and becomes simply another religious society”.
4 BC Early BelieversCelebrating Feasts
328 AD Nicene council separated from Jews and Feasts taken from Gentiles.
20th Century Awakening to the Prophetic message of feasts.
Sir Isaac Newton, who spent over half his life calculating the time of the end times from the Books of Daniel and Revelation wrote: "About the Times of the End, a body of men will be raised up who will turn their attention to the prophecies and insist upon their literal interpretation in the midst of much clamor and opposition".
In other words people would return to their (Hebraic) roots.